Second Exam Review Questions
for Exploring Catholicism I
[The highlighted questions might require more extended answers than the others]
1. Explain the four functions of creeds in the early Christian tradition.
One is the creed’s performative function: This creed puts a person into a new living
relationship with God. And example would be marriage. The second role of creeds is the
regulative function: this is to lay out a set of beliefs for the Christian faith. The third role
of creed is the catechetical function: the role for this function is to use creeds as a basis
for catechetical preparation. The last role of creeds is the doxological function: in this
function, creeds are implemented into the liturgy. An example of how this is done so is
that the creeds would be sung in church.
2. Explain why there is no definitive list with a set number of dogmas in the Catholic
Dogmas are official teachings taught infallibly because they’re divinely revealed. There
is no definitive list with a set number of dogmas in the catholic traditions because you
can’t verify something to be divinely revealed because it is only a reflection of divine
3. What is an authoritative doctrine in the Catholic tradition and how does it differ from
the other three categories of church teaching?
An authoritative doctrine in the Catholic tradition is teachings drawn from reflection on
divine revelation that are proposed authoritatively to guide the faith of believers. It is a
way for the church to give advice on today’s problems. An example of this is that the
church would use the Ten Commandments to help people handle the topic of birth
The authoritative doctrine differs from the other three categories of church teaching
because not only does it depend on divine revelation, it also depend on the knowledge
of the topics of today’s problems. These teachings are not taught infallibly; they can be
wrong and can be changed or reversed.
4. What are some of the key features of the imaginative framework that we call
“interventionist theism”? What are some reasons why many theologians think this is
an inadequate imaginative construal?
In interventionist theism, we see God as another being that sees the world but will step
in whenever necessary. Another way to seeing this is that God works on the sideline but
will step in to respond to our prayers.
Theologians think this is an inadequate imaginative construal because God cannot be
another being. There is a difference between God and the Earth. God is not part of the
Earth. He is the creator and Earth is the creation. This thinking establish god as competing with the world freedom. God already has a plan for us. God is placed in a
competitive place in the world.
5. ****How might one reconcile the reality of Neo-Darwinian evolution and quantum
physics with the existence of a loving God engaged in the world?****
Has to do with relational theism. God does not compete with the laws of nature in the
world. The world is not god. But god sustains the world in his exsistence. He is active
within and throught the world . ppl have freedom and god doesn’t compete with our
freedom. God will work through and with our freedom.
6. Explain the three fragmentary insights from the Judeo-Christian tradition regarding
God’s involvement in a world saturated with the reality of tragedy, suffering and evil.
The first fragmental insight the helps explain the evil in the world is God’s risk of Divine
Self-Limitation. This insight explains the god risk our freedom by emptying himself of
total control and becoming a persuader instead. Because he could only persuade us,
bad things are prone to happen and there will always be bad descisions made by us.
God risk evil to happen and chooses self limitation to happen to allow love and creativity
The second insight is the necessary conditions for growth and maturation. This idea is
that in order to appreciate and love the world, humans need to understand bad and
ugliness. Without acknowledging the negatives, one cannot fully appreciate the good
things. This insight connects with Irenaeus of Lyon’s idea that humans were first created
as children to grow as humans. The third insight is the compassion of God. God never
answers why something happens to a person but rather enters into your suffering. Jesus
of Nazareth is a perfect example of God enterin