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ANTHRO 139 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Teamwork, List Of Newspeak Words, Microsociology

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power-an influence of control over people. In Worked Over, by Doukas, power is exerted by the
new corporation that buys old businesses and changes them in order to fit the corps needs,
dismissing the needs of the worker. For example, the new corp states tat the workers must follow
the new rules and new ways or else they will leave the town and thus the workers will not have
ajob. this is a direct control of power
ideology-a body of belief that exists and has influence over individuals, social movemnets,
institutions, classes and large groups. In BNW, by Huxley, the belief that everyone should not
form close relationships in order to prevent families and accordingly babies, is held due to the
govt creating the people in order to put them in certain classes and have them do certain jobs, is
widley held. For example, freedom of sexulity is encouraged while birth control is striclty enforced.
this is direc tin that
control-to control is to impose limits'boundaries on others. In the book 1984, by George Orwell,
many controls are imposed in order to keep people exactly where the government wants them to
be. For example, a social control to ensure that people are not talking or doing anything that
would be considered harmful to the govt is the presence of telescreens, everywhere. The
telescreens watch and listen to everything to ensure that the citizens/comrades are following the
rules of the govt. direct
this is a book about…
A first important point is made about…
it was good, yet it didn’t talk about…
1. small town feel, classless society, even distribution of wealth; American values
2. social capital, neighborliness, recipriocity; Doukas as an outsider, distrust
3. work ethic, high moral beliefs
4. stories of what used to be;old ethic, altruistic;new, be better than others
5. we against them; producer's vs. non-producer's
6. The Remington's-failed due to trust's, succeeded due to war
7. Scientific management creates a new social order; skilled vs. non-skilled workers
8. poor vs. rich
9. unions; reclaim; bottom-up
3 generations--direct controls used--held power over people--ideology of capital creating wealth--
I am a little piece of nature.
Albet Einstein
Format of midterm:
1. Define

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2. Give reference
3. Give example
Short Essays
Last 3 weeks very important!
Book review—know how to do one—great skill—academic
oFollow link-
oBe able to give brief synopsis of what book is about
a paragraph of every book assigned through 26th
oChapter by chapter, topic by topic, running themes
oCriticism-it doesn’t touch on this or personal critiques
Come up with a style of a book review
Not about details, about examples
Give author’s last name, or article, or book
Don’t say things out of memory, be original using terms we talked about
Evaluating content, in that they are grading bow much you know
Practice contrasting and comparing; always explain
Remember how, so use examples to explain process
Avoid sweeping generalizations, be very specific
Read Controlling Processes article over and over
3-4 defining terms, on sheet
writing questions, maybe 2 short, 1 worth more points, another worth more… know book
Describe dialogues between characters in books
Independent thinker
Ice breaker 3717… not good at talking face-to-face. 2 mya, h&g… 10,000 years ag, stay
in one place…. 200 years, industrialization… 100 years ago, corporatization…
technology has changed, not people…
Put on a happy face 41… being nice is a type of culture.
4605 controlling processes article-
5347 corporate designs—go beyond regulation
13845-remember the big context…! Tell a story connections more than details
be precise
controlling processes-
Controlling processes:
How power is acquired used maintained and lost; it moves…
Power is thus unstable
Control is redistributed by professionals…
Ideas about culture are interwoven with notions of control and the dynamics of power.

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“Controlling Processes” refers to the transformative nature of central ideas such as coercive
harmony that emanate from institutions operating as dynamic components of power
Power- the possession of sway or influence of control over others (it moves, is unstable)
How Power Works (the focus of this class)
Standardizing emotion
oEx. from Nader’s work-Missionized, colonized; Christian missionaries sell
harmony (read Bible quotes before meetings)
Standardizing the body
oFoot binding, breast implants, when is it a choice?
Science in society debate, Smithsonian Institute
Stop and Think…
Control- to check, to regulate, to keep within limits
3 kinds of thought control:
1. brainwashing
a. conversion
2. group think
a. shared illusions of vulnerability
b. follow groups way of thinking, dismissing your own
3. ideological—male dominance or female fascist
Ideology- the body of doctrine, myth, belief, etc., that guides an individual, social movement,
institution, class, or large group. Refers to something that is simple and clear-cut beliefs even
where simplicity and clarity do less
BNW-instrumental culture, culture constructed to fill a particular function
social control- relationships, policeman
cultural control- ideas, law enforcement, a consequence can ensue
*Distinction between social & cultural control
allows for the distinction between control over groups or relationships and control of the
mind, both part of any controlling process
proves central to the analysis of controlling processes, the former establishing control
over groups or relations and the latter seeking control over ideas
indirect control-
direct control- 11925-1st article—
overt, covert—whether it’s noticed or not
hegemony- is about obtaining legitimacy and consent, about dominance and subordination, both
constraining and enabling. A dominant group imposing its forces. 10640… social (personal) and
cultural (a belief); look in controlling processes article
is a concept that has been used to describe and explain the dominance of one social group
over another, such that the ruling group acquires some degree of consent from the subordinate, as
opposed to dominance purely by force.
counter-hegemony- the hegemonic forces at work in the world is to assert one's own opinion and
one's own unique energy. The uniqueness of the individual and the uniqueness and variations
amongst the earth's cultures cannot be homogenized in accordance with the current capitalist
trends. To counter hegemony is to decolonize the mind, re-read the history of the world and assert
the mother earth's need for a new deal.
Double-edge--is control always bad? No…
bill of rights 27
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