M E STU 10 Midterm: Midterm Key Vocabulary

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Middle Eastern Studies
M E STU 10
Mahmood Monshipouri

M E STU Midterm Key Vocabulary Mesopotamia Area referred to one of the cradles of civilization located in the Fertile Crescent The site of the earliest developments of the Neolithic Revolution from around 10,000 BC Critical to every aspect of the economy of Egypt because Egypt was built around the Nile Identified as having inspired some of the most important developments in human history including the invention of the wheel, the planting of the first cereal crops and the development of cursive script, mathematics, astronomy and agriculture. The Fertile Crescent Site of the first farming civilizations thats why its known as the cradle of civilization Mesopotamia was here Receives the most rainfall in the Middle East Association with the location of the Garden of Eden Persian Gulf > Tigris River, Euphrates River; Nile River > Mediterranean Sea The Levant Countries to the east of Egypt Cyprus, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Syria, and Turkey The Maghreb Countries to the west of Egypt Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya Fitra Islamic concept that God has endowed each and every individual with an intrinsic nature that gives them the power of intuitive reason Emphasize that its innate Important part of Islamic theology, not to be confused with Islamic law Consistent with modern standards of human rights Karamat An inherent characteristic that enables humans to exercise the capacity to perform obligations as Gods creatures and to relate with one another as members of a universal human community is human dignity (karamat) Major source of sharia Islamic law Ijtihad Independent reasoning Loophole that allows different interpretations, can go a long way Empowers Muslim feminists Sharia The Muslim social and legal code
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