POL SCI 137A Study Guide - Comprehensive Midterm Guide: H-1B Visa, Impression Management, Acculturation

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6 Feb 2017
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POL SCI 137A
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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PS 133
Lecture 1 -- 1/19/2017
Ways to create a survey question
- 2 point scale - insensitive
- 0-100 slider - slide to reach desired point
- Radio buttoms
DO ATTEMPTS TO IMPROVE RESPONDENT ATTENTION INCREASE SOCIAL
DESIRABILITY BIAS?
- Good structure for short paper
- Abstract > Introduction > Theory and Hypothesis > Experimental Design >
Results and Discussion > Conclusion > Appendix
Takeaway 1: Write a paper with good structure and clear language
- IMC - Instructional manipulation check
- Used to see if people are paying attention
- Also attention checks
- At least 1 or 2 of them, usually 2
- People tend to skim first few lines or skip the stimulus
- Ask to pick options that no one would pick because they would be not
natural or valid
- 2 questions - social desirability and attention as dependent variables
- Validation only for 2 out of 7 items
- Never put attention checks after randomination, put it beforehand!
- Analyze people who pass and fail and remove those who are not paying
attention
- Need to increase sample size and make sure people pay attention
- Pretreatment questions - asked before main experiment
- Attention checks contained within
- Good AC should contain normal sentences initially, the attention
check and then the question and the options
- Sometimes MTurk workers may recognize ACs
- Education as a moderator
- Warnings effective: DO use Audit, DO NOT use Feedback
Takeaway 2: Use Audit as a warning message (beginning of study as first screen)
Analyze the full sample and people who pass as well as those who fail (Those who fails
show murky answers)
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CHEATING ON POLITICAL KNOWLEDGE QUESTIONS IN ONLINE SURVEYS
- Prior literature included
- Theory section
- Impression theory - motivations for cheating
- What is effective in decreasing cheating behavior
- Exaggerates in saying that commitment is the most effect (based on SRC that is
lowest in C)
- People in commitment reporting no cheating is an effect of social
desirability
- Conclusion should be based on knowledge scores, in which case
Commitment does not fare well
Takeaway 3: Use forgiving questions (we understand this may be hard, so did you
cheat?
- Being nice to your respondents is a good thing
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