EIEC 1110 Study Guide - Spring 2019, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - White Noise, Visual Acuity, Uterus

77 views29 pages
EIEC 1110
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 29 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
child development =field of study in which researchers from all areas come together to
understand children
*everyone helps have a stake in child development
Physical development
-growth in strength, size, muscle development
Cognitive Development
-how you look and perceive things- communicating and world process
Socioemontional development
-changes in how children interact with others and manages their emotions
Biopsychocial development
-development influenced by interaction of various factors;
_Biological
_psychological
General themes
Nature and nurture- the biological and environmental forces that govern development
The role of neuroscience- the study of the structure and function of the brain and nerve system
Diversity and Multiculturalism- investigating how cultures and cultural values impact society
Positivity development and resilience- increasing research in positive psychology
Theories of child Development
Researchers gather observations and facts about children
Researches develop theres to organize facts
Theory- an explanation of how facts fit together
—why are they useful?
SUMMARIZING FACTS AS currently KNOWN
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 29 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Allow predictions of future behavior
Stimulate new research
Provides filters for identifying relevant information
Psychological theories PAGE 9
Focus on structure of personality and how conscious and unconscience
Frauds love stages of psychosexual development
-we have to learn to conform to society as we grow older
1. Oral -putting everything in mouth
2. Anal -potty training- knowing someone will clean it for them
3. Phallic -seeking love from opposite gender (mother/father)
4. Latency-enjoy spending time with common interest same sex
5. Genital -age 11- about seeking a relationship -he says development stops at age
11(puberty)
Sigmund Freud
The mind consists of 3 basic components
-the ID- primitive instincts, completely unconscience
-the EGO- rational thought
-the SUPEREGO- ethics, morals, conscience (superman0- good guy fixes everything) (positive
side of our thoughts)
Constant state of conflict between the three components
-says we are always searching for balance and in competition everyday
Example: bar fight,emperors new groove video -in order from shoulders
Erik Erikson
-1902-1994
Psychosocial theory
-a revision of Freuds theory- Erickson focussed more on healthy child development
-development occurs throughput the life span
8 stages of Psychosocial Development
Crisis and commitment
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 29 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Behavioral theory
-responses to unobservable and immeasurable concepts proposed by Psychoanalytic theories
-John Watson- 1878-1958
-pavlov's dogs
UCS- unconditioned stimulus (smell of food)
UCR- unconditioned response (salivation)
NS- neutral stimulus -(bell ringing )
NS becomes the CS and elicits CR
-dog associated the two together (bell and food)
-The little Albert
experiment -says that fear is presented in a child through influencers
Generalization
B.F. Skinner
-operant conditioning
-learning comes from reinforcement and punishment
-reinforcement- any element in the environment that increases the likelihood that a behavioral
will be repeated
Punishment -any element in the environment that decreased the likelihood that a behavior will
be repeated
Big Bang theory video
Behavioral theories
Social learning theory- adding to the theories of classical and operant conditioning, bandura
demonstrated that children also learn by social learning:
Observation
imitating
The Bobo doll experiment
By watching and learning children will reciprocate the actions
Albert bandura
Social cognition- how children think about the actions that they observe
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 29 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

Grade+All Inclusive
$10 USD/m
You will be charged $120 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.