[PSYC 3070] - Midterm Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (42 pages long)

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7 Feb 2017
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PSYC 3070
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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History of Human sexuality
World history of sexuality
o 35,000 BCE: first cave paintings and statues depicting sexuality
o Hinduism emerged several thousand years ago and Buddishm emerged in the 6th
century BCE
Both spreading throughout asia around 500 BCE
Embraced mutual sexual satisfaction and sexual expression
Kama sutra (400 BCE 200 BCE)
Book talks about more than just sex positions, but how to have
healthy meaningful love
o The greeks and romans (800 BCE- 200 BCE)
Procreation for the state, not the gods
A strong empire had family units where people had healthy
relationships where they could create a bigger population
Sexual freedom outside of marriage and homosexuality
Men should be able to pursue sex with other man and who gave and
received was tied to your status
Did’t eliee i oe likig the sae se
Idealized the human body and physical beauty
The women would often not have any curves at all
Men where fairly muscular
o Judaism
Purpose of sex is procreation
Patriarchal society emphasizes males
Sex outside marriage is highly punished
o Islamic civilization 600-700 CE Islam spread out of Middle East to Africa and Spain
Embracing sexual virtue, female virginity, but also female pleasure in marital
intercourse
o Christianity
Sex is not for pleasure
Purity of thoughts as well as behavior, list is a sin
Saint Augustine (354-430 CE) related all sex as sin based on Adam and Eve,
hildre or of parets’ si
After adam and eves original sin is when they began to have sex
Middle ages (5000-15000 CE) saw rise of the church in Europe
A lot of these values then spread over the world
o Puritanism (1500-1600)
Christan sect originating in England, known for prudish sexual practices
Perseuted for trig to purif the hurh of eeglad
Established original colonies of New England
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Influence on American society: conservative, many taboos, diversity
intolerance
They expected man and wife to have sex while married
o Victorianism
Queen Victoria (1819-1901) Victorian era of prudery and purity
Women viewed as aseual: lie ak ad thik aout the epire
Medical misinformation such as masturbation and blindness
Rise of romantic love over dutiful marriage
Western history of sexuality
o The sexual revolution
Industrial revolution led to shorter work weeks and more free time
1950s saw more post-war wealth and leisure time
Woe’s rights oeet refuted Vitoria ideals
1943: penicillin able to cure diseases such as syphilis
1960 the birth control pill and IUD become available
Pleasurable aspects of sex separated from reproductive
Persisted throughout the 60s and 70s
Premarital sex
o The stigma decreased
o The age of marriage increased
Sex at a younger age
More sexual partners
o The end of the sexual revolution
1980s emergence of HIV and AIDS
Majority of cases were homosexual men and intravenous drug use
U.S slow to respond to the new virus
Mid- 1990s awareness that HIV spread during heterosexual intercourse
Decline in teenage pregnancies, births, and abortions
Less teenager were having sex
Historical research in sexuality
o Charles Darwin (1809-1882)
Proposed natural and sexual selection
Emphasized the importance of mating and successfully procreating
o Richard von Krafft-Ebing (1840-1902)
Wrote a clinical manual called psychopatia sexualis
Coied the ter fetishis ad treated asturatio as atpial
o Magnus Hirschfeld (1868-1935)
First to use surveys to study sexual behavior
Helped found homosexual rights movement in Germany
Istitute for seual researh i erli… Nazis raided ad ured the ooks
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