SOC 4610- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 39 pages long!)

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BGSU
SOC 4610
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Assumptions
Common view that families are safe places for men, women, and children
Families are idealized
Violence may be occurring in families behind closed doors
o Hidden
o Ignored
o Unnoticed
Definitions of family violence lack agreement
Statistics on family violence are underestimates and should be viewed cautiously
Statistical Summaries
Intrafamilial Non-Fatal Abuse
o Women and children are more likely to be victimized in their own homes than
on the street
o Parents are the perpetrators in most child maltreatment cases (80%)
o 52% of women and 66% of men report being assaulted as a child by a
caretaker
o Intimates perpetrated the majority of rapes in 2006 (60.9%)
o 22% of women and 7% of men report experiencing IPV at some point in their
lives
Intrafamilial Fatal Abuse
o Approximately 1760 children died from abuse and neglect in 2007. One or
both parents caused 70% of the fatalities
o 46% of juvenile murder victims knew their offenders
o 73% of homicide-suicide deaths were preceded by IPV problems
o Females are more likely to be killed by intimates (30%) or known
acquaintances (21%). Males are more likely to be killed by unknown
assailants (37%) or known acquaintances (35%)
o Homicide was the 4th leading cause of death for children ages 1-11.
Why are Families Violent?
Structural Factors
o Amount of time spend together
o Power differentials
o Dependency issues
o Inability to fight back
o Most family relationships are protected by law and not easily served
o Privacy and autonomy granted to families
Idealization of the family
o Belief that parental rights supersede children's rights
o Belief that parents can and should control the development of their children
o Belief that family members will act in the best interest of their children
o Belief that families have right to privacy and autonomy
Cultural factors
o Accepted in certain cultures around the world
o Beliefs in male dominance
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Individual factors
o Mental illness or disorder
o Vulnerability to jealousy or anger
o Disruptions in intimate attachments
Discovering Family Violence
Increased Media and Academic coverage
Progress in reducing violence against children and women reached international
level:
o Children's human rights
o Women's human rights
In the united states, claim-makers began defining various forms of family violence
from a social condition to a social problem
Social constructionism moves family violence from a social condition to a social
problem
Discovering Child Maltreatment
Value of children has changed historically
The discovery of child physical abuse in the U.S. can be traced to the house refuge
movement - reform not prison for kids
First child abuse court case was tried in 1874
Child-saving movement helps promote child protective statuses in the 1900s
The battered child syndrome as first described in the 1960s help to recognize child
abuse as a social problem
Child sexual abuse is not universally recognized
Child neglect is often forgotten and psychological maltreatment established as a
form of maltreatment in the 1990s
Discovering Intimate Partner Violence
Women's rights movement went from focusing on securing the right to vote to
victimization of women within the family
The problem of wife abuse started to gain public interest in 1960s leading to the
foundation of the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence in 1976
With the involvement of health care and government entities, the movement to
raise awareness about violence against women became mainstream
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Document Summary

Assumptions: common view that families are safe places for men, women, and children, families are idealized, violence may be occurring in families behind closed doors, hidden. Ignored: unnoticed, definitions of family violence lack agreement, statistics on family violence are underestimates and should be viewed cautiously. Intimates perpetrated the majority of rapes in 2006 (60. 9%: 22% of women and 7% of men report experiencing ipv at some point in their lives. Intrafamilial fatal abuse: approximately 1760 children died from abuse and neglect in 2007. Males are more likely to be killed by unknown assailants (37%) or known acquaintances (35%: homicide was the 4th leading cause of death for children ages 1-11. Why are families violent: structural factors, amount of time spend together, power differentials, dependency issues. Inability to fight back: most family relationships are protected by law and not easily served, privacy and autonomy granted to families.

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