ENG 515A Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Exam Guide - All-India Muslim League, Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah

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20 Nov 2018
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PAMSA Review Session
Week1 ShamsurRahman:
Udu eisted efoe. Was spoke peiousl i Ai Khuso’s peiod, had diffeet aes. Udu itself
was the name of an area, ShahJehanAbaadi vali cheez.
Author gives examples from poems in which the word Urdu is used to refer to an area rather than a
language.
1780s First time Urdu is used as a language.
Central argument Urdu and Hindi same language initially, they got ethicized by induction of Persian in
Urdu and Sanskrit in Hindi.
Week2 Chp3-5
Talks about origin of Muslims in the subcontinent.
644 A.D. Arabs came to India, main purpose was to trade, not to preach.
Raja Dahir, ruler, enjoyed good relations with other rulers.
712 AD, Hajaj Bin usuf sends Bin Qasim to Sindh for establishing Islamic Rule.
Proper Islam spread starts after 11th C onwards. Delhi Sultanate 1206-1526, Slave dynasty, (Alahuddin
Khilji).
They had 4 dynasties (under their Rule), Mamluks, Khiljis, Tughlaqs, Lodhis.
In 1526, Babur defeats Ibrahim Lodhi, the war is known as the Battle of Paniput.
To show their power, Babur used to destroy temples and create baburi Masjid.
1556-1605 Akbar Rule. Government divides into Mansabdares System. (Mansabdars alag se states di
jati hein, they used to form alliances on wars, proper armies were not present, which Mansabdars used
to provide), then Subadars (provincial affairs), Zamindars (Land affairs), Jagirdars (wealth)
Akbar forms Deen-e-Ilaahi, a combination of different religions. Akbar himself was married to Jota.
Abolition of Jizya. Mughal Rule (1526-1857?)
Mughals got threats from Marathas etc. gradually empire weakens.
1510 Portugues come to India, for trading.
1605 East India Company. To protect their ports they start forming an army, which became really
strong. Around 1750s their army got pretty strong,
1756 Black Hole of Calcutta British exaggerates the outcomings. Send a commander Robert Clive in
1757 which unfolds the Battle of Plassey. Collaborates with Jagat Seth.
Bribes Mir Jaffar, Siraj ud Dolas military commander, to turn against, and hence the British win.
1764 Battle of Buxer, again British win.
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Right of Divaani revenue collected from governance British take it for themselves.
Week 3:
Chachnaama:
712 AD Hajaj sends Bin Qasim to conquer Sindh (beat Raja Dahir).
1326 Chachnama by Ali Kofi
Akar and Marlow, not much important
Week 4: Chp 6-8
Colonial Rule 1757-1857 EIC
1772 Lord warren hastings says that Muslims and Hindus should be governed by different laws,
rules. Forms Shaster laws for Hindus, Gentoo law for Muslims.
1770 BENGAL FAMINE.
Copa’s otie as to epad the aea ude otol,  takig otol of lad of ules ho
couldn’t pa the for fighting.
1793 PERMANENT SETTLEMENT. A certain part of land revenue goes to the British government.
1800 Ryatwari Settlement peasants were given right to cultivation.
1799 Tipu Sultan defeated, because his power was also increasing. He was known for not paying much
to his army, so the British bribed his army.
1818 Marathas defeated.
1839 42 Charles Napier Annexxes Sindh
1849 Punjab Annexxed with the help of the Sikh ruler Raja Gulab singh in return he got given
Kashmir in return.
Week 5:
Jagath Seth, from the wealthiest family. (took part in Battle of Plassey)
State provided gifts etc. to these families, because they supported the state financially.
See Names/Dates of poets from Reading. Bhagti movement, created a movement for equality among
the people.
Waris Shah, Heer Ranjha. Khuwaaja Mir Dard, other important poets.
Haji Shariatullah, Faraizi Movement, comes to revive Islam, translates Quran to Persian.
Shah Waliullah, famous book Hujjat-ul-Baligha.
Week 6:
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