[PSYC 360] - Final Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (93 pages long)

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29 Nov 2016
Department
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Binghamton
PSYC 360
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Interpersonal Psychotherapy 16:18
A time limited, symptom focused therapy, originally developed by Gerald
Klerman and Myrna Weissman in 1970s to treat unipolar, nonpsychotic
depression in adults.
Fundamental Principle: depression occurs in an interpersonal context.
Regardless of causes, the triggers of depressive episodes involve disruptions
of significant attachments and social roles.
4 Interpersonal problem areas/ Depressogenic Triggers:
1. Grief
2. Interpersonal Disputes
3. Role Transitions
4. Interpersonal Defecits
IPT focuses on
Clarifying relationship between onset of patients current depressive
symptoms and interpersonal problems
Building interpersonal skills to resolve or manage more effectively these
interpersonal problems
Established as a manual based approach and established as a major
evidence based psychotherapy.
Theory of Depression or Psychotherapy:
1. Symptom formation
2. Social Functioning
3. Personality Factors
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(most of focus on first 2)
Medical model of conceptualizing depression; patient diagnosed and
prescribed “sick role” at beginning of treatment. Can be helpful because
takes guilt away from patients, and helps them to know that there is a
treatment that could work to treat their known syndrome. Also separates the
disorder from their personality and identifies it as a treatable condition.
Phasic Structure:
Initial (first 3-4 sessions)
Administer depression rating scales or symptom checklist. Evaluate
idiosyncratic symptoms of depression and do an in depth clinical interview.
Aim to:
educate patients about depression and give them hope that it is a treatable
condition (give them “sick role”)
help patients manage consequences of depression and create space in their
lives to heal from the episode.
Understand how depression affects and is affected by patients important
social ties and roles
Agree to focus on 1 or 2 problem areas.
Middle
Assisting patients in clarifying how they are affected by and affect their
interpersonal environments. Building antidepressant relational skills to
handle difficulties better.
Termination
Evaluate patients depressive symptoms with them to determine if they are
full or partial responders
Address patients sadness or anxiety about ending treatment
Increase patients competence and independence in continuing therapeutic
gains
Review what skills were useful
Reduce guilt if IPT has not been successful. (maintence of IPT is an option)
For some disorders, interpersonal problem areas are seen as triggers for an
episode (depression, bulimia), but for others they are seen as consequences
of the illness that contribute to its maintenance. (ptsd).
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Document Summary

A time limited, symptom focused therapy, originally developed by gerald. Klerman and myrna weissman in 1970s to treat unipolar, nonpsychotic depression in adults. Fundamental principle: depression occurs in an interpersonal context. Regardless of causes, the triggers of depressive episodes involve disruptions of significant attachments and social roles. 4 interpersonal problem areas/ depressogenic triggers: grief, interpersonal disputes, role transitions, interpersonal defecits. Clarifying relationship between onset of patients current depressive symptoms and interpersonal problems. Building interpersonal skills to resolve or manage more effectively these interpersonal problems. Established as a manual based approach and established as a major evidence based psychotherapy. Theory of depression or psychotherapy: symptom formation, social functioning, personality factors (most of focus on first 2) Medical model of conceptualizing depression; patient diagnosed and prescribed sick role at beginning of treatment. Can be helpful because takes guilt away from patients, and helps them to know that there is a treatment that could work to treat their known syndrome.

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