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Final

COMPLETE Introduction to Cultural Anthropology Notes: Part 2 [90% on final]

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Department
Anthropology
Course
CAS AN 101
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Fall

Description
Pollution 11/13/2012 Douglas, “Pollution” Issues around classifications, how people make order Lets us understand symbolic parts of universe Pollution Disruption/violation of natural state Contrasted with purity Anything that is “dirt” “matter out of place” exists, but shouldn’t be there implies system, order, structure what belongs, what doesn’t belong pollution rules = rituals examples kosher dietary rules: don’t exist b/c of hygiene or digestion or commitment to G­d; exists b/c they don’t fit,  don’t chew cud normal cattle should have cloven hooves and chew cud basis of lack of cleanliness is “taxonomic anomalies” status “taxonomic anomalies” unclean b/c of this shellfish: normal sea creatures have fins and scales shellfish don’t have this ▯ don’t fit, can’t eat this symbolic classification all have different classification systems different ways of ordering the world can’t be both a plant and an animal definitions for each are different how we divide tells us what is important evolutionary framework: how we have carved up the world Example: Kassuary Not a bird according to the indigenous people Different way to assign things in the natural world for the Karum (sp?) Most important characteristic = flight Putting it back into place through rituals Rites of Passage (Arnold van Gennep) How people pass from one stage in life to another able to generalize 3 step progression of successive ritual stages: Separation Person becomes detached from previous part of social structure Liminality (transition) State of person is ambiguous: not in old state or new state Betwixt and between Aggregation (Incorporation) New stable state in everyday world with rights and obli
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