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COMPLETE Introduction to Cultural Anthropology Notes: Part 11 [90% on final]

7 Pages

Course Code
CAS AN 101

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Power and Politics 11/08/2012 Power = the ability to impose one’s will upon others Political organization = way power is accumulated, arranged, executed, and structurally distributed and  embedded in society Means through which it retains social order Shared by social networks, lineages, clans Forms of Political Organization Band Small, loosely organized, kin ordered group Smallest scale Inhabits a common territory Found among food foragers and other small scale migratory populations Oldest form of political organization No real need for formal, centralized political systems High value placed on “getting along” Use of extra time Direct negotiation Interpersonal basis Have the option of leaving Extra time b/c don’t need to get subsistent stuff for families ▯ soothing over problems with extra time Leaders are in power when they have the confidence of the community Only hold sway when they make sense for the band itself Leaders who exceed what are willing to accept lose followers No material rewards for this role Temporary rule Tribe Range of politically integrated, kin ordered groups whose members share common ancestry, identity,  culture, language, and territory Economy based on some form of crop cultivation or herding Political organization in a tribe is informal and temporary Clan: descended from a common ancestor Tribal Leadership Elder or other respected member (integrity, wisdom) No formal means of control: can’t force advice on anyone Leadership comes from qualities, not from authority to impose advice Ex: Navajo “Big Man” leaders of localized descent groups combines interest in community’s welfare and cunning, calculation for personal gain (PERSONAL) ex: Kapauka  tonowi  (western New Guinea) “rich one” achieve tonowi status male, wealthy, generous wealth = pigs wealth is something someone acquires only to give it away and create a client base people who don’t share with others are ostracized political power through LOANS Chiefdom Regional polity in which two or more local groups are organized under a single chief, who is at the head of  a ranked hierarchy 
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