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Final

COMPLETE Introduction to Cultural Anthropology Notes: Part 13 [90% on final]

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Department
Anthropology
Course
CAS AN 101
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Fall

Description
Kinship 10/23/2012 Who are you related to? Aunt Sue, Uncle Neil Aunt Lisa Grandma, Grandpa Grandma Paulie Aunt Gigi, Aunt Lisa, Aunt Sara Uncle Sal, Uncle Eric Nana, Grandpa Cousins Joey, Logan, Julia, Zack, Emily Cousin Katy Aunt Audrey, Uncle Dave Mom, Dad, Jared Kinship Study of kinship and kinship terms Descent groups Kinship charts Why does kinship matter? Who’s in, who’s out Distinction #1 Genealogical relationship vs. Kinship Term Genealogical: biologically based kin type Ex: mother’s brother  Genitor Kinship term: social category Uncle Pater Kinship calculation: system by which people reckon kin in any given society We collapse people into same term that have different genealogical positions Kinship Systems Divide people into categories of kin and non kin, define marriageability in terms of these categories Respond to biological, psychological, social, and legal pressures Answer certain needs for a social structure When pressures change, kinship systems can change too (but not too much: very resistant) Marriage and kinship are related Resistant to change Interest in 1970s, then dropped out More talk about it now Distinction #2 Lizzy Borton? Consanguinity Relation by blood Affinity Relation by marriage In­law: related by law of marriage Why isn’t husband called husband in law? Distinction #3 Bilateral (cognatic) Nuclear family Can change based on what you are doing in life, what stage in life you’re in Traced through mother’s and father’s lines Temporary Think of both mother and father’s side Descent Group Comprised of people claiming common ances
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