For most of human history: relationship between groups rather than individuals
Most of the time, love develops in the course of a marriage (happens afterwards)
Pre requisite: ideas around group alliance
“Define” descent and “legislate” marriage
matrilineal, patrilineal, unilineal
What happens when you get married?
Who do you belong to?
In or Out
Exogamy: marry outside group
Endogamy: marry inside group
Tend not to marry someone you consider kin
Matrilocal or uxorilocal: women stay put; men move
Patrilocal or virilocal: men stay put, women move
Natolocal: both spouses stay in natal homes Neolocal: couple forms new residential group
Three different exogamous clans
Can’t marry each other: have to find spouses elsewhere
Endogamous at level of society, exogamous at level of residence
Patrilocal society: men stay, women move to new men
Women lose kin when they move
Natolocal: nobody moves (very unusual)
Neolocal: everyone moves to completely new places
Who to marry?
Some have marriage prohibitions
Others have who you CAN marry (prescriptive)
NO biological difference between parallel and cross cousins
One of them is considered your kin (incest), other is who you are supposed to marry
Biological aversion: doesn’t apply
What is incest?
What is the incest taboo?
Every single society has an incest taboo
Certain categories of kin you can’t have sex with
Which specific category of kin differs widely across cultures and time
Universal about the incest taboo: existence of sexual prohibition against this
Consensus gentium approach Explanations for the incest taboo:
Instinctive horror (Westermarck)