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Final

COMPLETE Introduction to Cultural Anthropology Notes: Part 14 [90% on final]

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Department
Anthropology
Course
CAS AN 101
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Fall

Description
Marriage 10/25/2012 For most of human history: relationship between groups rather than individuals Most of the time, love develops in the course of a marriage (happens afterwards) Pre requisite: ideas around group alliance Intra­group needs Inter­group needs Kinship Systems “Define” descent and “legislate” marriage matrilineal, patrilineal, unilineal What happens when you get married? Who do you belong to? In or Out Exogamy: marry outside group Endogamy: marry inside group Religion (Jews) Class (socioeconomic) Castes Tend not to marry someone you consider kin Residence Rules Matrilocal or uxorilocal: women stay put; men move Patrilocal or virilocal: men stay put, women move Natolocal: both spouses stay in natal homes Neolocal: couple forms new residential group Three different exogamous clans Can’t marry each other: have to find spouses elsewhere Endogamous at level of society, exogamous at level of residence Patrilocal society: men stay, women move to new men Women lose kin when they move Natolocal: nobody moves (very unusual) Neolocal: everyone moves to completely new places Who to marry? Some have marriage prohibitions Others have who you CAN marry (prescriptive) NO biological difference between parallel and cross cousins One of them is considered your kin (incest), other is who you are supposed to marry Incest Biological aversion: doesn’t apply What is incest? What is the incest taboo? Every single society has an incest taboo Certain categories of kin you can’t have sex with Which specific category of kin differs widely across cultures and time Universal about the incest taboo: existence of sexual prohibition against this Consensus gentium approach Explanations for the incest taboo: Instinctive horror (Westermarck) Exception: Coul
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