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COMPLETE Great Discoveries in Archaeology Notes: Part 2 - 4.0ed the final exam!

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Department
Archaeology
Course
CAS AR 100
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Winter

Description
Archaeological Research 01/23/2014 The Archaeological Record­ the more of less continuous distribution of artifacts over the earths surface, in  highly variable densities Archaeological Data: 1­ Artifact­ objects of human creation/ex: pots, projectiles.. 2­ Ecofacts­materials found from nature that are used or modified by humans through various activities/ex:  plant and animal remains 3­ Features­ permanent installations that have been constructed in the earth, cannot be removed from site 4­ Structures/standing architecture­ above ground, buildings that intersect with archaeological landscapes/  ex: temples, pyramids.. Activity Areas: comprise of locales of specialized work Assemblages: larger bundles of artifacts, ecofacts, and structures associated with a community Sites­concentrated locals of human activity and materials Cultural areas­ large geographic areas where similar cultural artifacts, features, and structures are found Archaeological regions­ the largest component of archaeological date, constist of both geographical areas  and cultural Matrix­ the physical medium surrounding the record Munsel color system Making different layers different objective colors  Inclusions Limestone, rock, something that is a part of the ground not modified by humans Provenience The physical 3­D location of archaeological data recovered through excavation or survey Survey is taken by a “Total Station” Device that Uses lasers, mirrors  The law of superposition Allows us to obtain a relative date and the relationships between artifacts, structures, and deposits Things that are lower in the earth are older The principle of association Allows us to link material in archaeological layers Material that is in the same deposit are associated to each other Context Characteristics of archaeological data, resulting from combined beha
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