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COMPLETE Great Discoveries in Archaeology Notes: Part 7 - 4.0ed the final exam!

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Department
Archaeology
Course Code
CAS AR 100
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All

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Civilizations of the bronze Age Aegean 03/18/2014 The Aegean Bronze Age Turkey Crete  Greece Looking at the spread of civilization from the Near East (Egypt and Mesopotamia) to Europe Economy Poor soils Grapes, olives, sheep, wheat, and fishing Exports­ olive oil, wine, and wool Important tradition of fine craftsmanship­ ceramics and stone carving The Middle Bronze Age (2000­1600 BC) The Minoan Civilization and the Island of Crete Site of Knossos The Late Bronze Age (1600­1200 BC) The Mycenaean Civilization and Mainland Greece Conquered the Minoans The time of the semi­legendary events of the Iliad and the Odyssey (Mycenaeans in Turkey) Sites of Mycenae, Troy, Pylos, Tiryns, Orchomenos Schliemann and Troy Heinrich Schliemann Businessman, speculator and archaeologist Excavator of troy, Mycenae, and Tiryns “Destined from birth to find Troy” 1868 publishes Ithaka, der Peloponnesus und Troja hissarlik­ Troy he stole this idea from Frank Calvert Frank Calvert Had been digging for 20 years Owned the eastern part of the site Forms partnership with Schliemann  Homer’s Troy City near coast Near river Destruction level Impregnable fortress with fortified citadel Priam’s Treasure came from Troy II, dating to around 2500 BC Said that Shliemann’s wife hid this in her shall Lie! She wasn’t even there! And shall too small for all this! Yannakis, Schliemann’s servant, testified to finding some of the treasure in a nearby tomb. A goldsmith was  hired to make other pieces in the Mycenaean (mainland Greek) style. Homer’s Troy, if there is such a place, probably is Troy Vlla (7a), 1300­1190 BC 1200 BC= end of Bronze Age!!!! Beginning of Iron age So far no writing found at Troy The Mycenaeans  The earliest mainland European civilization The Greeks called their ancestors Achaeans, Danaans, and Argives Sites of Mycenae, Tiryns, Pylos and Thebes They are known for  Road system Warrior kings with rich burials Weapons in burials 1450 took over Crete (the Minoans) Mycenae, City of Agamemnon SW of Athens NW Peloponnese Type site for the Mycenaean culture A hill citadel with temples, palaces, and elite burials Population at nearby coastal site of Argos The Lion Gate Royal Burials Tholoi and Shaft Tombs Located inside the citadel Schliemann dug five shaft tombs Later 1950s excavations found 5 more Grave Circle A Schliemann named the finds af
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