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Final

COMPLETE Great Discoveries in Archaeology Notes: Part 6 - 4.0ed the final exam!

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Department
Archaeology
Course Code
CAS AR 100
Professor
All

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Mesopotamia (Paleolithic) 02/20/2014 Vere Gordon Childe Theory of the rise of complex society(aka state level society) 10 criteria of a state­level society 1­ Urban Settlement 2­ Division of Labor 3­ Accumulation of Surplus 4­ Monumental Buildings  5­ Ranked Societies 6­ Writing System 7­ Exact and Predictive Sciences 8­ Craft Specialization and works of art 9­ Trade 10­ Social Organization Mesopotamia City­States Between Tigris and Euphrates Pottery Eridu Site that’s stacked on each other  Beginning of temple complex Uruk Period­ The world’s first state­level society (4000­3000 BC) Kingship Beard, kilt, and headdress Chosen by gods to lead Are we sure he is a king? We are almost certain thanks to ethnohistoric analogies Lion Hunting War leader Devout worshipper Agricultural expert The city of Uruk­ The world’s first city(1000 acres) Anu District Two districts (Anu and Eanna) Where the temple was found(“Ziggurat”) Origins of Ziggurats Def: stepped pyramids that served as platforms for temples, constructed of mud bricks They developed out of temple platforms (like Eridu and Uruk) of the Uruk period.  The White Temple Located on top of the Anu Ziggurat Reflects sunlight like a mirror Uruk Period Art Warka 
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