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COMPLETE Great Discoveries in Archaeology Notes: Part 10 - 4.0ed the final exam!

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Department
Archaeology
Course
CAS AR 100
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Winter

Description
Pompeii 03/25/2014 August 24, 79 AD 60 feet under ash discovered in 1748 The Bay of Naples and Campania Agriculture Soils enriched with volcanic ash Sarno River Overland Trade Sea trade Early Origins The Oscans 1  people to settle at Pompeii Greek Colonization Greeks begin to settle in the region They fortify Pompeii and use it as a port for trading with people inland The Samnites th Conquer Campania in the 4  century Defeated by Romans The Samnite War The Social Wars Pompeii joins the revolt against Rome The Roman general Sulla besieges Pompeii Effects on Pompeii The city is not conquered since peace is declared before Sulla can defeat it  Pompeii loses many of its self­governing rights The military colony of Cornelia Veneria is established Pompeii and Herculaneum become Roman vacation spots, commercial hubs, and “retirement communities” Rome in 79 AD Following the collapse of the Julio­Claudian Dynasty, Rome was thrown into a period of chaos, out of which  emerged the Flavian Dynasty The Flavian Dynasty Emperor Vespasian Restores order Starts work on theAmphitheatrum  Flavian (the colosseum of Rome) Begun in 75 AD Held 50,000 people Emperor Titus Famous for his campaign against Jerusalem, which he sacked in 70 AD During his reign, Campania is devastated by the eruption of Vesuvius Pompeii alone has a population of 20,000 and other urban centers such as Herculaneum are wiped out Pompeii as Roman Imperial City Tombs on the roads leading into town Roman law forbade tombs with the city walls Romans built elaborate tombs with biographical inscriptions and even occasionally included seating and  shelter for travelers 8 gates The City Wall No longer needed to defend city by 79 AD Streets in rough grid Insulae(neighborhoods) Not perfectly
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