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COMPLETE Great Discoveries in Archaeology Notes: Part 11 - 4.0ed the final exam!

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Department
Archaeology
Course Code
CAS AR 100
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All

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The Great Zimbabwe 03/27/2014 Great Zimbabwe (aka “house of stone”)­ name for largest occurrence of stone ruins These ruins were once probably the administrative center of the Mutapa Empire Three Areas: Hill Complex Valley Complex Great Enclosure 300 elaborate structures were situated at the edges of the settlement (houses of kings) to escape sleeping  sickness Trade: Far­flung trade connections are attested at the site Chinese pottery shreds Arabian coins Glass beads Site is abandoned Great Zimbabwe­ today 03/27/2014 James Theodore Bent Site is rediscovered—Bent excavated the site Worked at the height of the colonial era Wrote the book about itThe Ruined Cities of Mashonaland  (pseudo arcaeology) Wrongly associated site with Phoenicians Ophir and the Queen of Sheba Mauch went even further to suggest the structures were built to replicate the palace of the Queen Mentioned in Biblical/Quran literature­ King Solomon Others made similar suggestions One common theme was the structures were probably not make by ONLY sub­Saharan Africans Scientific Archaeology  David Randall­Maclver Excavated at the site in 1905­06 He mentions the existence of objects at the site of African origin
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