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CAS AN 102 Study Guide - Final Guide: Archaic Humans, Es Skhul, Cranial Vault

4 pages91 viewsWinter 2013

Department
Anthropology
Course Code
CAS AN 102
Professor
All
Study Guide
Final

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Modern Homo sapiens
Evolved in Africa around 160kya
Spread around world 100-50kya
Have longer limbs than Neandertals and other hominins
Vertical forehead
Small face with protruding chin
Less robust post-cranial skeleton
Smaller brow ridges and nose
Small incisors
Pyramidal mastoid process (behind ear)
Definite chin
Early Homo sapiens in Africa
Herto (Ethiopia)
160kya
More robust facial features than later anatomically modern humans
(AMHs)
Cranial capacity 1450 cc
Does not have Neandertal traits (midface prognathism, wide nasal
opening)
Early Homo sapiens in Near East
Skhul Cave (Israel)
115kya
High cranial vault
Small anterior teeth
1400cc
Homo sapiens in Europe
Cro-Magnon (France)
30kya
Small anterior teeth
Female skull has very modern appearance (very flat brow ridges)
Males more robust
Homo sapiens in Australia
Kow Swamp (Australia)
13kya
Cranial traits not as modern (receding forehead, pronounced brow ridges)
Postcranial traits very modern (slender, long limbed)
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