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Final

CAS AN 102 Study Guide - Final Guide: Quonset Hut, Bone Resorption, Tooth Loss

2 Pages
72 Views
Winter 2013

Department
Anthropology
Course Code
CAS AN 102
Professor
All
Study Guide
Final

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Humans
Bipedal mammal
2.1.2.3 dentition, parabolic, small canines
Little prognathism
Big brains relative to body side
Separate tibia and fibula
Females have small mastoid processes, smooth verticle frontal bones, pointed chins
Males have larger mastoid processes, brow ridges, more rounded chins
Age through baby teeth and adult teeth, tooth loss, bone resorption, and molars
Newborns do not have fused cranial sutures
Sutures fuse at different times during limetime telling relative age
Europeans have sloping orbits, narrow nasal aperture, large nasal spine, metopic trace
nose indentation, retreating zygomatic cheek bones, small ramus, prominent chin,
simple suture pattern
Africans have square orbits. wide nasal aperture, small nasal spine, vertical zygomatics,
quonset hut nasal indentation, wrinkled 2nd and 3rd molars, alveolar prognathism, post-
bregmotic depression in back of skull
Native Americans have rounded orbits, keeling of skull vault, heart shaped nasal
aperature, projecting zygomatics, wide vertical remus, shovel shaped incisors, complex
suture pattern
Females have wide subpubic angel, wide greater sciatic notch, wide pubic bone
Males have narrow subpubic angel, narrow greater sciatic notch, narrow pubic bone
Females have more flexible, agile spine
Males have rigid spines
Fusion of sternum at different ages
Arthritis and osteoporosis with age
Pubic symphysis degrages with age
Epiphyseal closure, long bone originally separated from main bone by a layer of
cartilage becomes united to the main bone through ossification during development
Human height 2.67x lengtht of femur
Head of femur fuses between ages 18 and 20
Male and female differences in males and females
Injury after death had cracks and no growth

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Description
Humans Bipedal mammal 2.1.2.3 dentition, parabolic, small canines Little prognathism Big brains relative to body side Separate tibia and fibula Females have small mastoid processes, smooth verticle frontal bones, pointed chins Males have larger mastoid processes, brow ridges, more rounded chins Age through baby teeth and adult teeth, tooth loss, bone resorption, and molars Newborns do not have fused cranial sutures Sutures fuse at different times during limetime telling relative age Europeans have sloping orbits, narrow nasal aperture, large nasal spine, metopic trace nose indentation, retreating zygomatic cheek bones, small ramus, prominent chin, simple suture pattern Africans have square orbits. wide nasal aperture, small nasal spine, vertical zygomatics, quonset hut nasal indentation, wrinkled 2nd and 3rd molars, alveolar prognathism, post- bregmotic depress
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