CAS IR 292 Study Guide - Spring 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - International Law, Federal Government Of The United States, World Trade Organization

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Published on 12 Oct 2018
School
Boston University
Department
International Relations
Course
CAS IR 292
Professor
CAS IR 292
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Fall 2018
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Terms:
Puritans- (17th century to 18th century)
pure, Oliver Cromwell, realized ideas about relationships from other religious
beliefs
Discontent with the monarchial rule of the established state church (Anglican
Church); very rigid about purity and correctness; low levels of tolerance for other
religious beliefs
Are persecuted for speaking against the church and relocate to the New World
escape religious persecution in the Old World (i.e. to seek religious freedom)
Puritans apply their religious ideas to how they rule their people in the New
World, first in the Plymouth Colony
Covenant
o the foundational principle around which Puritans developed their thinking on the
relationship between state, Church, and society in Colonial America
An agreement or treaty
A promise that God extends to the humans
A pact, a bargain, a contract, a trust
Witteall social relationships depend on consent and mutual responsibilities
o Person and God, also multiple relationships among persons in Church,
state, and civil society
Contract or agreement, so no violence because clear stipulations between parties
(e.g. state and society, church and state) about how to deal with freedom and
governance and how to manage pluralismi.e. the covenant creates order in
terms of institutions of governance and in terms of societal pluralism
Ordered liberty
o freedom limited by the need for order in society
Religious freedom/liberty
o Requires so many other freedoms under the constitutional democracy
o Keeps order between state and society
o Among the first rights that the Constitution protected
6axes/principles
o Were debated by the state and Congress in the 1770s to the 1790s
Freedom/liberty of Conscience
o Choosing and changing religion is a private choice
o No discrimination in the public sphere
o Exemption from imposition on conscience
o Free ecercise of religion according to the dictates of conscience
Religious Pluralism: confessional pluralism, social pluralism
o Safeguard to religious freedom
o Meant to establish No dominance of one group over another
o people are going to have so many different points of view that there is an
inevitable failure of religious freedom
o which is why ordered pluralism is used in order to void intolerance and
violence
Religious equality
o equal in the eyes of the state
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o singling out causes many infringements on the already existing rights
o equality for all religions before the law
Separation of Church and State
o began because the Puritans did not want to go back to the ways of the
Anglican Church
o “wall of separation”
o the offices and officers of the church and of the state must break their
traditional alliances
Dis-establishment of religion
o no religion can be sanctioned by the state for “the land”
o no belief can be made better than another
o state is responsible for individuals to have any belief
o stopped the government from prescribing mandatory forms of religious
belief, doctrine, and practice
Free exercise
o In the public sphere, have the freedom to whatever worship wanted
o As long as it doesn’t threaten social order or government accepted rights
o Founders never offered a universal definition
Conscientious objector
o some object to military service because of their beliefs
First Amendment: Free Exercise Clause, Dis-establishment Clause
o Trying to make meaning out of the 1st amendment, the intentions of the Founding
Fathers
o Minimalist meaning/ minimal benchmark of protection for religious freedom
o State must decide the particulars
o 1787-1789- writing of the constitution
o considered religion the cornerstone of the American democratic experiment
o compromise to have a system of checks and balance
o federal power creates the amendment but the state is responsible for
enacting and giving the amendment particular meaning
Separationism; wall of separation; separation of church and state
o problems that the Founding Fathers came across with the articulation and
exploration of the 1st amendment being associated only with separationism
o connection to US foreign policy
o serpentine wall of separation
o the separation between church and state(only one aspect/principle) became
equated with the 1st amendment and the other principles were glazed over
o citizens need to adjust to the bigger idea by looking to history
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Document Summary

Pure, oliver cromwell, realized ideas about relationships from other religious beliefs. Discontent with the monarchial rule of the established state church (anglican. Church); very rigid about purity and correctness; low levels of tolerance for other religious beliefs. Are persecuted for speaking against the church and relocate to the new world. Escape religious persecution in the old world (i. e. to seek religious freedom) Puritans apply their religious ideas to how they rule their people in the new. Covenant the foundational principle around which puritans developed their thinking on the relationship between state, church, and society in colonial america. A promise that god extends to the humans. A pact, a bargain, a contract, a trust. Witte all social relationships depend on consent and mutual responsibilities: person and god, also multiple relationships among persons in church, state, and civil society. Ordered liberty: freedom limited by the need for order in society.

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