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CAS PS 101 Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Wilhelm Wundt, Ulric Neisser, Parachuting

Psychological & Brain Sciences
Course Code
CAS PS 101
Study Guide

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Chapter 1:
In 2005 G. Hogan was a bank rober but why do people decide to rob a bank even though thy
are very well off?
Is gabling a system of a deeper issue? Social isolation
Applicaition: everyday life
Empirical scientifict with data you make a memory
Why should we study pyscology:
How people think
Ignoring evidence (comformation bias)
Failing accouratly judge source credibility, we have the inability to see somebody, we
cant associate looks with credibility
Miss understanding stats or not
Seeing relationships that don’t exists: ice cream sales and murder
Accepting after the facts explanation (highlight bias)
If you can visualize your success you can increase your chances insites motivation you
know how success looks like when you get there
But when we do that you trick your brain it believes you already made it it relaxes your
brain and it backs off what we believe is usually not true
Taking mental shortcuts not being bothered with details
Failing to see our own inadequacies (self-serving bias) more humans believe we are
above average
What to believe?
People are cursed with inability to know where answers are right or wrong
Dung and krugger (reaserchesrs)
Illusion of knowledge: that I study therefore I know it
College students with lowest grades perceive mastery of academic skills as higher than their
What to believe? Using phycology reasoning why are people inaccurate in the first place
Start with extremely positive views of abilities
***People believe they are better than average
Lake wobegon effect or illusory self- serving bias
Diversity in physcology
Addressing a question of society and behaviors
Our answers depend on our domain
Example : memory
Clinical- study memory form the point of view :PTSD
Evolutionary pscyh : why do we have memory forgetting is a different think
that we do Super memory
Cognative psycoloyy what is memory how coes it help us aquire knowledge
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Social spych how does a memory impact our social interaction eye movement
and reprocessing using it
Subfields in psycholohy focus on different levels of analysis
Physoclogy work in many different setting based on reaserch general theoretical approaches
and training
History of psyscology
tihkning about things
1. Plato (428-348 bc.)
Strate of mind mind
Manifiest from state of the whole body
Introduced idea of indivuaul diffrences in intellect
2. Aritstotle
Believed them ind infuences the function of nervous system
Paint could be eliminated by thinking
First alluded to an unconsiousc envody cognition
1. Hippocrates
Believed the pscygology abosmoartities were cause by brain abniormalitis
2. Johannes mullar
Propose nervous system as intermediary between object and causiousness
3. Herman von helmholz
Studied the relation of physical objects with physcological senstation why experiences and
equality are no eaul
Wilhelm wundt
Considered founding father
First modern lab
Leipzig Germany
Developed idea of structuralism
Interested in finding elements of experience
Understandnign structure of themind could explain reasoning
Key idea out cousiounsess can be broken down intop tis essecial elements fell apart
intropesction defined as personal observation of personal thoughts ideas and behaviors
Itospetio: the state of osuiosess hih is to e atte of phsooloh… a eoe a
object og immrdiate knowledge only by way of introspection of selfawarness
Looking within describe mental
Functuinalism William james:
Key idea our consciousness seves and adaptive purpose by helping us survive
The mind developed thorugh human evolution
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Useful for preserving life: genome
Evolution theory:
Charles Darwin adaptation mutation produces changes in species over time
Survival of genetic material
Ingeritaive adaptive value physical characteristics mental activity
Natural selection: Mutations that facilitate survival and reproduction are passed along
Gestalt theory: idea that whole of persona experiences is different from sum of parts
perception is subjective and dependent on context
Color is subjective
Gestalt psychology:
Behaviorism: james B Watson& Edward thorndike and BF skinner introspective method
Key idea: our behavior is learned, observed, and measurable
Nutcracker, alex,birds hve visual similar to humans
Cognative approaches: emphasized mental ativity
Compuros led to imformation-processing theories we can look at human behavior that can be
1957-miller congative revolution
cognative psycology c
congnative neuroscience
WWII n soial pscych
Study of how people influce other people thoughts feeling actions.
Psycology toy
What are broac ssues/debates?
Nature vs. nurture
Some great stuff going on in evolutionary pscy and animal cognition
Cant do humans can in animals
Leads you to believe that intelligee is geeti sat s. Du ie,
Cross fostering impant a dumb mice and becomes smart thorugh mother nurturing, due to
Cross generation effect: pararyvolves have different mating hormoss
Dumb babies foster by smart others
The 2nd generation psycolgoy oday
Freewill vs. determination
To what extent are our behaviors selected can our behaviors be predetermined
The illusion of free will steven pinker
Mind- body problem is the mind separate form the physical (the brian)
Dualism yes
Monism- o it is’t
1) People are either left brain or right brain thinking: false
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