CAS PS 251 Study Guide - Summer 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Sigmund Freud, Extraversion And Introversion, Neuroticism

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Published on 12 Oct 2018
School
Boston University
Department
Psychological & Brain Sciences
Course
CAS PS 251
Professor
CAS PS 251
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Fall 2018
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How can we gain insight into personality?
Ask people
o Surveys
Observe people’s actions
o Observational methods
We can observe surroundings or belongings
o Would I be able to learn something about your personality
through your bag, how you organize yourself, in your natural
habitat
Is personality psychology all common sense?
True or False
o People who are tense and anxious are less likely to laugh at
something funny than are people who are relaxed? false
o A couple is most likely to have a happy relationship when the
man is masculine and the women is feminine. false
o WHY we might think that psych is obvious: hindsight bias
Personality Psychology
Personality:
An individual’s characteristic patterns of thought, emotion, and
behavior, together with the psychological mechanisms- hidden or
not- behind those patterns
o Psychological Triad :
How people THINK BEHAVE FEEL
Underlying psychological mechanisms than make you
think behave or feel a certain waythis is personality
The goal of Personality Psych
Explain the whole person in his or her daily environment
Basic Approaches to do so
o Trait approach
o Biological approach
o Psychoanalytic approach
o Phenomenological approach
o Learning and cognitive process approach
Trait Approach
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Encompasses the big 5 personality factors, where they lie on the
spectrum
Biological approach (not covered)
Psychoanalytic
Freudian theories
Internal structures and mechanisms; these drive and motives are
occurring outside of your conscious awareness
Phenomenological
Focusing on the conscious experiences of people
o Humanistic (positive view on human potential) and Humanist
o Cross cultural perspective
Learning and cognitive process
Social learning theory
What types of questions are personality theorists asking ?
What
o Is determining? Determinants: Genetics, environment
How
o How is the what determining your personality?
Why
o Causes behind why we do what we do
Divide in Personality psych
Academic
o Research methodologies, testing
Clinical/Professional
o Helping individual people in their personality issues,
hospital/therapeutic settings, case studies, treatment aspect
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Document Summary

We can observe surroundings or belongings: would i be able to learn something about your personality through your bag, how you organize yourself, in your natural habitat. An individual"s characteristic patterns of thought, emotion, and behavior, together with the psychological mechanisms- hidden or not- behind those patterns: psychological triad : How people think behave feel. Underlying psychological mechanisms than make you think behave or feel a certain way this is personality. Explain the whole person in his or her daily environment. Basic approaches to do so: trait approach, biological approach, psychoanalytic approach, phenomenological approach, learning and cognitive process approach. Encompasses the big 5 personality factors, where they lie on the spectrum. Internal structures and mechanisms; these drive and motives are occurring outside of your conscious awareness. Focusing on the conscious experiences of people: humanistic (positive view on human potential) and humanist, cross cultural perspective. Why: causes behind why we do what we do.

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