[CAS RN 392] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (28 pages long!)

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CAS RN 392
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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September 7th 9/7/2016 8:56:00 PM
JFK leaving Massachusetts speech
On top of the hill
Comparison of Athens democracy
Winthrop’s idea of mission on a hill and directs it towards ___
o “city upon a hill” quote from scripture used by Winthrop
idea of covenant be example of proper Christian
virtue to the rest of the world
certain aspects will be judged in a future era
Overbearing Themes in the Course
Puritanism Legacy of John Calvin (reformed tradition); how to
create a godly society
o Interested in what defines a Christian community
o How do christian people order a good church
o How does religious faith carry over to a good society
o Pilgrims = religious seperatists
Looked at different churches in Europe
o Edmund Morgan “Puritan Dilemma”
How to live boldly in the world without succumbing to
the sins of the world
o Religion as an expression of civic virtue
o “a city upon a hill” a new England, and American “creation
story
o puritans built most churches in the town center for a meeting
hall and town centralism
o religion creates the conditions for a good society (family,
community, political order)
Religious Liberalism
o Negative connotations
o Unitarianism / transcendentalism emerged as offshoot from
New England’s Puritan Congreagational ancestors
Ralph waldo emmerson, henry davud Thoreau,
Theodore parker
o Similar ethic of civic virtue, yet strong belief in human
goodness
o Reliance on elite (and ethical) leaders
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o The traditions coming out of Unitarianism shared many of the
cultural and theological assumptions about the role of religion
in public life
Catholicism (Boston Irish)
o Ongoing protestant hostility; catholic presence defined
political culture of city by end of the 19th century
o Catholics are persecuted majority (“religious outsiders”)
o Homogeneity of Boston Catholic communities compared to
other parts of the country (although this pattern started to
change by the early 20th century)
o “Boston is going through a lot of demographic changes”
New England Today: Religious Dimensions
Catholic dominance; Protestant legacy; emerging diversity
o Importance of a tradition of civic religion coming out of
Puritanism
o Longstanding history of Protestant-Catholic tension
Progressive ethos Cultural conservatism
o Historically, Boston is at the center of major reform
movements; yet complex history of religious and political
strife
o Troubled history of racism in Boston
o Reform through elites (premium on education)
Pluralistic ethos; homogenous culture
o New England region one of the least culturally diverse areas
of the country (although starting to change)
o Distinction between northern and southern New England
New England: a “mainline” culture
o New England one of the least evangelical regions in the U.S.
o Protestant culture of civic virtue still strong (but declining)
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