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SAR HS 325 Study Guide - Fall 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Public Health, Malaria, Hiv


Department
Health Sciences
Course Code
SAR HS 325
Professor
Kaitlin Eldred
Study Guide
Midterm

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SAR HS 325
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Fall 2018

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HEALTH: OVERVIEW
What is Health?
Health a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the
absence of disease or infirmity
***Public Health health promotion, disease prevention and a population-level focus
Public Health v. Medicine
Public Health environmental factors, population approach, focus on prevention,
“invisible results”
o ex: public health interventions can prevent a population from smoking therefore
preventing lung cancer
Medicine focus on treatment/cure, individual approach, physical results
o ex: an ill person becomes well
Core Areas of Public Health
Health Policy
Sociobehavioral Health
Environmental Health
Epidemiology
Biostatistics
Public Health v. Global Health
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THE UNITED NATIONS: OVERVIEW
The United Nations (UN)
Founded in 1945 after WW11
193 Member States
Main Organs (all having equal representation)
o The General Assembly
o The Security Council
o The Economic and Social Council
o The Trusteeship Council
o The International Court of Justice
o The UN Secretariat
The Security Council
Specifically works with peace and threats to peace and determines the appropriate course
of action
The only body in the UN that can issue binding resolutions and use sanctions/US
Peacekeepers/Military Action to enforce these
15 member nations
o 9/15 members must vote to pass regulations
o 5 power nations: US, China, France, Russia, UK
Primary criticisms of the security council
o They can be biased based on the power held by 15/193 countries
o Becomes less ethical and more political
MDGs and SDGs
Transition from the MDGs (Millennium Development Goals) to the SDGs (Sustainable
Development Goals) in the 21st century
MDGs began in 2000, spearheaded by the UNDP (United Nations Development
Programme)
o Originally 8 MDG
SDGs began in 2015 with a goal to culminate in 2030
o Originally 17 SDG
3 Pillars of Sustainable Development: Social Progress, Economic Growth, Environmental
Protection
95% of people are connected by a mobile signal
Exercises
Exercise 1: Choose a MDG and Country and discuss their progress in meeting this goal.
o MDG 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education
o Country: Nigeria
o Key Indicators:
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