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Final

COMPLETE Humanities IV: History of 20th-Century Ethical Philosophy and Applied Ethics Notes [got a 90% on the final exam]

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Department
Humanities
Course
CGS HU 202
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Winter

Description
HU20201202014InwritingdonoteverydoplotsummaryasNietzschewouldsayNeedtousequotationsfromauthorsAnalysisneedstooccurfromoutsetBestwritingseizesattentionfrombeginningDontrepeatinformationshealreadyknowscommunistmanifestwaswrittenbyKarlMarxPeakinterestfromthegetgoStartwithaquotationisthistrueofmoderndayAmericansocietyDontwanttojustseeabilityofsummarizeinfoneedtoseehowtothinkthroughinformationandseebeyonditandofferinsightWhatMarxRejects1LikeNietzscheMarxrejectsmuchoftraditionalphilosophyandethicsbutfordifferentreasons2Thinkstheyaretooabstractyouneedtohaveexperiencebeforephilosophyarisesthereforetraditionalphilosophydoesnotmakesense1indirectcontrasttoGermanphilosophywhichdescendsfromheaventoearthweasactivemenonthebasisofreallifeprocesswedemonstratethedevelopmentofideologicalreflexesInsteadweshouldASCENDfromrealactivementodevelopideologicalreflexesitsrootedinthehereandnow2lifeisnotdeterminedbyconsciousnessbutconsciousnessbutliferealitiesofyourlifeshapeyourideasTraditionallyphilosophersthinkideasarepreeminentandthatideasarehigherthanhumanbeings3wherespeculationendsinreallifethererealpositivesciencebeginstherepresentationofthepracticalactivityofthepracticalprocessofdevelopmentofmenEmptytalkaboutconsciousnessceasesandrealknowledgehastotakeitsplaceWhenrealityisdepictedphilosophyasanindependentbranchofknowledgelosesitsmediumofexistenceequatingallofthephilosophytotheemptytalkaboutconsciousnesswhymakebroadclaimsthatonlyinfluenceoreffectafewpeopleREJECTStoomuchtalkabstractionnotenoughattentiontomaterialWhatMarxadvocatesmaterialconditionseconomicandphysicalrealtiesofapersonsexistence1TheCommunistrevolutionisthemostradicalrupturewithtraditionalrelationsnowonderthatitsdevelopmentinvolvedthemostradicalrupturewithtraditionideasphilosophyneedstopayattentiontothematerialconditionsofaindividualslivesinsteadofabstractgeneralizations2Doesitrequiredeepintuitiontocomprehendthatmeansideasviewsandconceptionsinawordconsciousnesschangeswitheverychangeintheconditionsofhismaterialexistenceachangeinmonetaryorsocialstatuscanchangethewayyouviewtheworld3philosophybeginswithrealindividualstheiractivityandthematerialconditionsinwhichtheyliveheisCONCRETEAsinreligionthehumanimaginationsownactivitytheactivityofmansheadandhisheartreactsindependentlyontheindividualasanalienactivityofgodordevilssotheactivityoftheworkerisnothisownspontaneousactivityItbelongstoanotherandisthelossofhimselfalienationdistancingoflaborfromotheraspectsfromanindividualslifenolongeruniqueyourenotgivenjobsthatgiveyouemotionalandpsychologicalnourishmentyouaregivennorecognitionoftheproductDIVISIONOFLABORfurthersalienationandhasadeleteriouseffectReligionistheopiumofthepeoplereligionisabstractandimposedfromoutsideofyourselfTherulingideasofeachagehaveeverbeentheideasoftherulingclassthisechoesNietzscheHistoricalMaterialismtheorythatyourrelationshiptothemeansofproductiondeterminesyourlifeandthoughtKarlMarxthematerialconditionsofourlivesdeterminehowweseethingsTheCommunistManifestoIntroPart1aSincesocietyhasexistedithasalwaysbeenaboutthestruggleoftheoppressedclassandtheoppressorbSometimesthisfightishiddenorsometimesitsopeneitherwayitusuallyendsupwithrevolutionaryactioncThereusedtobemanyclassesbutnowitsbeingcondensedintotwoclassesbourgeoisieandtheproletariatdTheproletariatisbeingexploitedandoverrunbutpoliticallyandeconomicallypowerfulpeoplewhoareasmallernumberthanproletariatiTheproletariatarevulnerabletofluctuationsinthemarketandarereplaceableTheyrelyonfindingworkinordertoliveiiTheyarenolongeruniqueandoriginalsincemachineryhasdevelopednowtheyarejustapartofalargermachineiiiPeoplearesimplyregardedasinstrumentsoflaborandcanrelatetoeachotherinthisexploitationeTheproletariatwillnotdecayordisappearlikeotherclassesbecauseitsessentialformodernindustryiAlmostentirelyreliesoneconomicsnotreligionorcultureoranythingelseiiHistoryisbasedoneconomicalimplosionthatleadstochangeiiiTheclassconflictthatsabouttohappenwillbethefinalclassconflictivProletariatmustdestroyallmeansofproperty
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