PO 111: KEY CASES
While every Professor might have a different list, most of these caes would be on
everyone’s list. Many of these cases involve strict scrutiny.
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka 1954
Segregation is an unconstitutional denial of the equal protection of the laws guaranteed
by the 14 Amendment.
Regents of the University of California v. Bakke, 1977.
Did the use of affirmative action deprive Bakke, a 35 year old white male of equal
protection of the laws? Key decision. Affirmative Action OK but not fixed quotas.
Most recent case:
Fisher v. University of Texas. 2013
No doctrinal outcome but SCOTUS sent case back to lower courts saying they had not
Strict Scrutiny of affirmative action strictly enough.
Gideon v. Wainwright 1963. th
SCOTUS tells states they must supply a lawyer to defendants who can’t afford one. (6
Miranda v. Arizona 1965
Police interrogation without suspect being adised on constitutional rights violates 5
Mapp v. Ohio 1960
SCOTUS tells state courts that all evidence obtained illegally or in violation of
Constitution must be excluded from courts cases.
Griswold v. Connecticut 1965
Taken together the 1 , 3 , 4 and 9 Amendments create a right to privacy violated by
Connecticut in its law criminalizing giving contraceptive advice to married couples (!!!)
Roe v. Wade 1973.
The right to privacy that SCOTUS had found in the Constitution gua