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Political Science
CAS PO 111
Graham Wilson

Isabel Strobing PO111 midterm #1 October 2013 terms/concepts Lorenzetti: consequences of a good/bad government 1300s Hobbes: Leviathan/state of nature environment/externalities: government must keep pollution at bay, even if it means lesser profit or more work goals of government: economy, environment, education, order, defense, public services public goods: things that government provides for everyone Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid: biggest expense of the government, example of government providing services fourth amendment: right to privacy Progressive Era: early 1900s, government protecting people from big business New Deal: FDR, government got bigger; more regulation/ established huge programs Great Society: LBJ, more government programs growth of federal government: due to aging population, urbanization, terrorism, etc. John Winthrop: city on a hill, exceptionalism from early on American exceptionalism: idea that America is different and superior to everyone else- “qualitatively different;” distinctly American; rights, equality, democracy democracy: socialism: fails in the US because we never had one; never really had that much of a working class like the miners in UK/ higher standard of living, Americans are all too different to “work together” Tea Party: wants to go back to the “original constitution” longevity of US constitution: it’s been around since before Belgium was created goals of the framers: avoid tyranny and get it adopted federalist papers: Madison, Jay, and Hamilton in favor of Constitution foreign policy in government Iran Contra: Reagan; branches fighting for power Vietnam: stopped because congress stopped funding healthcare: does the government have the right to provide healthcare to people and to require that people have healthcare? amendments: 27 total, changes to the constitution (first 10 bill of rights) separation of power: myth [Type text] [Type text] [Type text] “original constitution”: also a myth; see Tea Party majority rule vs. consensus: we have consensus 60 vote requirement: in the Senate, not Constitutional but still embedded Commander in Chief: president war powers: congress vs. president and see Vietnam/ Syria federalism: two states having power over a population still having sovereignty in their own affairs (our system) checks and balances: ambition counteracting ambition state’s rights: idea that states should have more say in matters than the federal government federal mandates: federal government giving money to the states; usually strings attached- see 21 drinking age competition between states: idea that states will lower taxes, etc. to get more people to live there/businesses to move there preemption doctrine/supremacy clause: constitution is the law of the land slaughterhouse cases: 14 thamendment protecting big business
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