11.1 Define motivation.
11.2 Describe the key motivational concepts introduced by the biological, cognitive,
psychodynamic, and humanistic perspectives.
11.3 Describe the physiological factors that help regulate hunger, general appetite, and weight.
11.4 Describe how psychological, environmental, and cultural factors influence hunger and
11.6 Describe the symptoms, health consequences, and causes of anorexia and bulimia.
11.7 Describe how sexual behaviors and attitudes have changed in recent decades.
11.9 Describe how psychological, cultural, and environmental factors influence sexual
11.10 Describe the findings on the effects of viewing violent pornography.
11.11 Describe the three dimensions of sexual orientation, and discuss research on the
determinants of sexual orientation.
11.12 Discuss evolutionary and psychological views of affiliation, and explain why humans are
11.13 Describe how the motives and task behaviors of high- versus low-need achievers differ.
11.14 Describe how the need for achievement develops.
11.15 Differentiate among the three main types of motivational conflict.
Development Over the Lifespan
10.1 Describe the four broad issues that guide developmental research.
10.2 Describe the cognitive processes identified by Piaget and his four stages of cognitive
development, including research that supports and contradicts his basic ideas.
10.3 Describe social development of the child, including Erikson’s stages of psychosocial
development, imprinting, and attachment.
10.4 Describe how disruptions in attachment affect psychological development..
10.5 Describe the three major developmental challenges of adulthood outlined by Erikson. Personality
11.1 Describe three characteristics of personality and explain the usefulness of personality
11.2 Describe the trait perspective of personality, including factor analysis approaches and
the five-factor model.
11.3 Describe Eysenck’s biological theory of personality that focuses upon extraversion
11.4 Outline the primary elements of Freud’s psychodynamic theory, including levels of
consciousness, roles of the pleasure and reality principle, and the three personality
11.5 Describe the various forms of defense mechanisms and explain their function.
11.6 Describe each of Freud’s psychosexual stages and explain how they contribute to
11.7 Describe the major difficulties in evaluating psychodynamic theories.
11.8 Describe the rol