Exam 3 Study Guide.docx

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Boston University
Psychological & Brain Sciences
CAS PS 101
Tracy Dunne

Motivation 11.1 Define motivation. 11.2 Describe the key motivational concepts introduced by the biological, cognitive, psychodynamic, and humanistic perspectives. 11.3 Describe the physiological factors that help regulate hunger, general appetite, and weight. 11.4 Describe how psychological, environmental, and cultural factors influence hunger and eating. 11.6 Describe the symptoms, health consequences, and causes of anorexia and bulimia. 11.7 Describe how sexual behaviors and attitudes have changed in recent decades. 11.9 Describe how psychological, cultural, and environmental factors influence sexual behavior. 11.10 Describe the findings on the effects of viewing violent pornography. 11.11 Describe the three dimensions of sexual orientation, and discuss research on the determinants of sexual orientation. 11.12 Discuss evolutionary and psychological views of affiliation, and explain why humans are social creatures. 11.13 Describe how the motives and task behaviors of high- versus low-need achievers differ. 11.14 Describe how the need for achievement develops. 11.15 Differentiate among the three main types of motivational conflict. Development Over the Lifespan 10.1 Describe the four broad issues that guide developmental research. 10.2 Describe the cognitive processes identified by Piaget and his four stages of cognitive development, including research that supports and contradicts his basic ideas. 10.3 Describe social development of the child, including Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development, imprinting, and attachment. 10.4 Describe how disruptions in attachment affect psychological development.. 10.5 Describe the three major developmental challenges of adulthood outlined by Erikson. Personality 11.1 Describe three characteristics of personality and explain the usefulness of personality theories. 11.2 Describe the trait perspective of personality, including factor analysis approaches and the five-factor model. 11.3 Describe Eysenck’s biological theory of personality that focuses upon extraversion and neuroticism. 11.4 Outline the primary elements of Freud’s psychodynamic theory, including levels of consciousness, roles of the pleasure and reality principle, and the three personality structures. 11.5 Describe the various forms of defense mechanisms and explain their function. 11.6 Describe each of Freud’s psychosexual stages and explain how they contribute to adult personality. 11.7 Describe the major difficulties in evaluating psychodynamic theories. 11.8 Describe the rol
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