PS101: Exam 3 Study Guide (Dunne)

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Department
Psychological & Brain Sciences
Course
CAS PS 101
Professor
Tracy Dunne
Semester
Fall

Description
Psychology Exam 3 Notes • What is Motivation? o Process that influences the direction, persistence, and vigor of goal­directed  behavior • Drive reduction Theory of Motivation (Hull, 1943) o Physiological disruptions to homeostasis produce drives  o Drives motivate behaviors to reduce tension  This drive motivates us to engage in a certain behavior  • Incentives motivates us  o Stimuli that “pull” an organism toward a goal   (e.g., good grades, food) • Extrinsic Motivation  o Performing an activity to obtain an external reward or to avoid punishment • Intrinsic Motivation  o Performing an activity for its own sake • Psychodynamic View o Unconscious motives affect how we behave  o Freu
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