PS251, Lec 1, Final: 11/22/2013
Behaviorism and Learning: check behaviorism slides.
Cognitive Behavioral Theorists:
Learning: relative changes of behavior that are acquired by experience and not caused by maturation,
injury, or physiology.
Roots of behaviorism are in Russian physiology – Pavlov.
First behaviorist was John Watson.
Thorndike’s thinking was the link for the gap between classical and operant conditioning. Leader of
behavioral medicine. Worked with people who developed the trait theories.
Behaviorists didn’t believe in concepts of personality, you have to be able to directly measure personality.
Behaviorist approach: Used to call the computer the “black box” takes in things, give things out, but we
don’t know what’s going on inside it.
A personality is a repertoire of behavioral patterns that are learned over time.
Classical conditioning: Pavlov (same as involuntary, associative, paired, elicited behaviors).
Watson: took classical condition and used it to see how fear was developed, called second ordered
Was a physiologist interested in studying salivatory responses of dogs.
Observed classical conditioning: involuntary learning. Give a stimulus, get a response. He took dogs,
collected their spit, and would take different foods and put them into dog’s mouths. Eventually the dogs
started salivating before he