Final Exam Study Guide
Chapter 10- Interpersonal Attraction
• Familiarity- crucial concept in attraction.
o Research participants rate faces- prefer those that resemble their
• Factors that contribute to attraction
o Propinquity- people we see frequently become familiar through
o Similarity- people similar to us will seem familiar.
o Reciprocity- people who like each other get to know and become
familiar with each other.
• Propinquity- Westgate Study by Festinger, Schachter, and Back (1950)
o Tracked friendship formation among couples in various apartment
o Residents assigned at random and most were strangers.
o Participants asked to name three closest friends in entire housing
65% reported those who lived in the same building.
41% considered their neighbor.
22% reported those who lived two doors down.
10% considered those who lived down the hallway.
• Propinquity- Core Concepts
o Functional Distance- certain aspects of architectural design that make
it more likely that some people will come in contact with each other
more often than with others.
o Mere Exposure Effect- being exposed to a person affects our liking for
them since the more we see the person, even though there is no
communication, the more familiar they become and thus the more we
o Long- Distance Propinquity- strangers who meet over internet more
attracted to each other than face-to-face.
Online meetings determined by quality of conversation.
Face-to-face meetings determined by physical attractiveness.
• Similarity- needed to fuel growing friendship or romantic relationship.
o Two types of situations in which relationships begin:
Closed-field situations- people forced to interact with each
other (eg- work, school).
Open-field situations- people free to interact or not as they
o Categories of similarities:
o Personality- study with gay men:
More stereotypical male traits- interested in men who were
More stereotypical female traits- interested in men who were