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SO 100 Combined Final Review Sheet.docx

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CAS SO 100
Eliana Stratico

Sociology Final Taylor Weissbratten Pre Midterm • Sociology Imagination – ability to connect basic, intimate aspects of an individuals life to the public • Social Institution – social positions, connected by social relations, performing a social role • Social Construction – socially produced beliefs, ideas, ways of organizing the world; products of human effort & interactions • Social Structure – enduring patterns in human behavior Positivism = deductive • Hypothesis testing, data, QUANTITATIVE • Patterns in the social world based on hard facts Interpretivist = inductive • Shared meanings, observations, QUALITATIVE • Socialization – learning how to become a functioning member of society Self & Other • Self – individual identity perceived by that person; assumes point of view of other & imagines how they see them • I – one’s sense of action or power • Me – self as one imagines others perceive it • Social behavior – knowing how others are going to react to different situations; learned to anticipate behavior • Generalized other – internalized sense of other people Role Theory • Status: social position an individual occupies • Role strain: incompatibility among roles in a status • Role conflict: tensions between demands of two or more roles nd o Can relate this to working mother and 2 shift • Ascribed status: one you were born into • Achieved status: status one enters voluntarily • Symbolic Interactionalism – we interact with others using words and behaviors that have a symbolic meanings o Meanings are produced through social interactions Dramaturgical Theory (Goffman) • Life = play with morals; impression management • Face – esteem an individual is held to by others Social Structure & Culture • Strength of weak ties – weak ties can be valuable because they create new information & are useful in job searches • Structural hole – gap between network clusters • Social capital – info, knowledge of people & things, connects/helps people enter social networks & gain power Deviance • Collective conscience – set of norm; holds society together & produces social solidarity • Social control – mechanisms that make us follow the rules of society Broken Window Theory: explains how social context & social cues impact the way individuals act – local, informal social norms • Ex: cars in two different towns (one bad, one good) Normative Theory of Suicide (Durkeim) • Social integration – degree which you are connected into your social group or community • Social regulation – how many rules guide your life daily 1) Egoistic = to little social integration a. Person who just never fit in; may have a good life, but no true connections 2) Altruistic = to much social integration a. Cult suicide 3) Anomic = to little social regulation a. Wealthy elites  too many ups and downs 4) Fatalistic = to much social regulation a. 1950s housewives, military personnel Social Forces • Strain theory – society gives us certain templates for acting correctly; deviance occurs when society doesn’t give all members equal ability to achieve goals Symbolic Interactionist • Label theory – subconsciously noticing how others see or label you; reactions to those labels form basis of our self identity • Primary deviance – first act of rule breaking  creates a label of deviant • Secondary deviance – occurs after primary deviance; result of new deviant label • Stigma – negative social label that changes other’s behaviors towards a person; alters person’s self-concept & social identity • Recidivism – reversion of an individual to criminal behavior Stratification/Class • Stratification – structured social inequality; arise as intended or unintended consequences of social processes • Equality of opportunity – inequality of condition is acceptable as long as the rules of the game remain fair • Equality of condition – everyone should have an equal starting point • Equality of outcome – everyone should end up with the same amount regardless of the fairness of the game Bordieu • Social closure – a group tries to maintain exclusive control over resources Sociology Final Taylor Weissbratten • Cultural capital – ease & familiarity one has with “high brow” culture • Habitus – disposition inscribed on you o Gender! Capitalism & Marx • Society was a dichotomy (division of labor between owners & workers) o Bourgeois (capital owners) vs. pr
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