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COMPLETE Sociology of Race and Ethnicity Notes: Part 6 [got 4.0 in the course]

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CAS SO 207
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RACEAND ETHNICITY Notes 02/24/14 Diversity and Society Pages 141-144; 175-223 The Origins of Black Protest • AAhave always resisted their oppression and protested but had no resources to make protests effective • Black protest movement happened afterAAgained freedom after slavery and had a lot of diversity • Booker T Washington—most prominentAAleader prior to WWI—advised southernAA to be patient and take advantage of opportunities (when facing Jim Crow laws); peaceful o This gained him popularity amongst white community too since it was peaceful • Washington’s most vocal opponent was WEB Du Bois—activist in the north who founded NAACP (NationalAssociation for theAdvancement of Colored people in 1909 o Rejected Washington’s accommodations stance o NAACP filed lawsuits challenging Jim Crow and eventually was successful • Marcus Garvey (born in Jamaica and immigrated to US)—argued that white-dominated society would never truly support integration/racial equality; advocated separatist goals like moving back toAfrica o Found Universal Negro ImprovementAssociation in 1914 o Garvey’s organization popular for a time inAAcommunities outside the south, established black nationalism and pride inAfrican heritage Applying Concepts • Acculturation and Integration o During era of segregation/migration to the North, assimilation was not a major factor in AAexperience (more of pluralism with great inequality)  Created subcultures/sub societies—separated churches, businesses, schools, etc. o SmallAAmiddle class emerged and a network of black colleges and universities constructed to educate the children of this middle class which would later give them resources and leadership they need to attack racial inequality • Gender and Race o AAwomen continued to be most vulnerable group in society o It was common for married women to drop out of labor force and tend to home because a working wife was “too reminiscent of a slave role” (Gutman 1976)  This pattern was so widespread that it created serious labor shortages o Women in south had to return to the fields or domestic work for family to survive o AAplayed a role paralleling immigrant women; men moved to North first followed by women (they replaced European immigrant women’s jobs who moved up in the job structure) o Discrimination created problems of unemployment for men and they relied on the women for income because wo
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