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Final Spanish Study Guide.docx

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CAS LS 112
Eliana Stratico

Final Spanish Study Guide Los Verbos Como Gustar A mí + me + verb A ti + te A él, ella, ud. + le A nosotros + nos A ellos, ellas, uds. + les *gustan (or any plural form of a verb) is used when the noun is plural, not if the subject is gustar = to like encantar = to love inteeresar = to interest importar = to be important faltar = to lack molestar = to annoy Participio Pasado como Adjetivo: (past participles) -used as adjectives: – ar verbs  +ado – er/ir verbs  +ido irregulars: -abrir  abierto = open -morir  muerto = dead -cubrir  cubierto = covered -poner  puesto = put -decir  dicho = said, told -resolver  resuelto = solved -escribir  escrito = griten -romper  roto = broken -freír  frito = fried -ver  visto = seen -hacer  hecho = done, made -volver  vuelto = returned -must agree in number and gender with the noun they are modifying and may be placed directly after the noun -may be placed after the verb estar to describe conditions and results of actions El Presente Perfecto -expresses what we have or haven’t done -formed with: the verb haber + past participle Yo He Tu Has Ud., el, ella Ha Nosotros hemos Uds., ellos, han ellas Final Spanish Study Guide same irregulars as the past participles Imperfecto vs. Preterito –ar  + aba –er/ir  + ía + abas + ías + aba + ía + ábamos + íamos + aban + ían Irregulars Ir (to go) Ser (to be) Ver (to see) Yo Iba Era Veía Tú Ibas Eras Veías Ud., él, ella Iba Era Veía Nosotros Ibamos Éramos Veíamos Uds., ellos, ellas iban eran Veían Gustar  gustaba or gustaban • To describe customs, habits &routines in the past o Generalmente, normalmente, siempre, mientras, todos las dias, etc. o “used to” or “would • to describe people, places & things in the past o physical appearance (grandé, bonito) o nonphysical characteristics (interestante, difícil) o mental, physical & emotional states (agitado, enfermo, furioso) o personal information (name, age, nationality, religion) • to provide background or setting o time of day, date, location o describing the weather • to describe actions that were taking place or “in progress” o was/were + ing form • to express ongoing thought process o knew, thought or believed Preterit Ar er/ir É Amos Aste Ó aron Í Imos Final Spanish Study Guide Iste Ió ieron Por y Para Para: • before infinitives – in order to; to • with expressions of time (dates, holidays, seasons), to indicate a deadline – by, for • with names of people, things, or entities, to express an intended recipient or use of a thing – for Por: • with certain time expressions (minutos, días, meses, años), indicates a period or span
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