[IGS 10A] - Midterm Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (53 pages long)

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Brandeis
IGS 10A
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Globalization
A technology-driven process of expanding market opportunities for economic exchange
Economic opportunity
Changes in technology
Expanded connectedness
Expanded sense of awareness, responsibility
Interaction
Integration of: market, people (ways of thoughts, traditions), society
It is on going
It has effect on the environment, culture, political systems, economic development and
prosperity, human physical well-being
“Problems without Passports”
Many side effects of globalization show no regard for national borders
Nor do they travel linearly from point A to B → instead they spread or multiply
Common enemy: involves everybody
Nation-states alone cannot solve this problem. They require concerted global action to
manage and solve
Global governance
Global problems require global governance to address and manage
A process of devising and implementing strategies to respond to global problems
Difficult because there is no global government: no authority to implement, no one
central body
Nation-state
~193 nation-states
Increasing over time
No global government→ states interact with one another
IGO (Intergovernmental Organization)
Composed of governments
E.g. United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Health
Organization (WHO)
Controlled by member state
What they can do:
Setting common standard code of conduct
Keeping the peace
Developing programs
NGO (Non-governmental Organization)
Neither created nor controlled by nation-states, independent of governments
Non-profit groups
Act and advocate around the world
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E.g. International Red Cross, Doctors without borders
Multi-national Companies (MNC)
Private company branches outside its home country
Expand nationally by foreign direct investment (FDI)
E.g. Apple, Starbucks, McDonald’s, Google
Problems: exploitation, enforcement may be weaker
The UN System
Nation-states have authority to govern only within their own borders
Broad membership→ high degree of legitimacy
Principles of the UN
Sovereign equality of all UN members
Respect for peace, justice and international law
Collective security against act of aggression
Non-intervention of UN in domestic affairs
UN General Assembly (UNGA)
Resolutions are not binding
One state, one vote
UN Security Council (UNSC)
US, UK, France, China, Russia → P-5 + 10 more from UNGA = 15
UNSC resolutions pass with 9 votes
UNSC resolutions are binding → states are supposed to follow them
Specialized Agencies and programs
Specialized agencies
International Labor Organization (ILO)
World Health Organization (WHO)
Food & Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Special programs
UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF)
World Food Program (WFP)
UN Development Program (UNDP)
UN Environment Program (UNEP)
International Court of Justice
Hears cases between disputing states
Decisions are binding
Collective Action in the UN
UN facilitates cooperation and common action by member states
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