1. historical milestones leading to creation of ethnobotany as a discipline?
a. Egyptians, Assyrians, Greeks all documented and used plants
i. “Father of Botany”
ii. first to classify plants based on features
i. “father of medicine”
ii. first to prescribe plants as medicine
i. De Materia Medica
1. 5 volumes
2. over 500 medicinal plants
ii. first to prescribe opium
e. Asia: Arvedic and China
1. Over 8000 plant remedies
2. Some still used today
1. Shen Nang
a. Published first known herbal book
2. Why new discipline? Why not? Current trends?
a. “ethnobotany” recently coined and formally recognized
b. Not new because people have been using plants since the earliest
civilizations as nomadic huntergatherers.
c. Currently focused on finding information about traditional remedial uses
of plants through interaction with indigenous shamans and tribals.
3. How might ethnobotanical study help to retain traditional botanical knowledge?
a. Retain traditional botanical knowledge; not many ppl want to be shamans,
hard to pass the knowledge down
b. May lead to industrialization of traditional methods, eventually traditional
methods squeezed out by industry
i. Step on indigenous cultures’ toes
4. Wut is tbk? Approaches?
a. TBK: Traditional botanical knowledge
i. All types of knowledge concerned with indigenous people and
plants in sociological and spiritual context
b. Utilitarian approach
i. How to use plants for medicinal or nutritional purposes
c. Cognitive: perception of plants by indigenous ppl to explain behaviors
d. Ecological: based on sociocultural behaviors in response to the
5. Difference between ethnobotanical research and TBK?
a. Ethnobotanical research: experimentation to support a hypothesis about
the medicinal/remedial effects of plants b. TBK: relies on traditional knowledge passed down by oral or written
6. NTFP and NTPP important to indigenous cultures?
7. Plant Anatomy
8. Difference between monocots and dicots
a. Monocots: one seed leaf, leaf veins parallel, fibrous root, flowers in
multiples of 3
b. Dicots: 2 seed leaves, leaf veins netlike, taproot (generally), flowers in
multiples of 4 or 5
9. Differences between quantitative and qualitative approach to ethnobotanical
10. Ethical challenges to ethnobotanical research
11. Logical steps taken before