[HST 176] - Midterm Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (15 pages long)

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7 Feb 2017
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HST 176
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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HST 176 Chapter one notes African History:
Rift valley; the great rift valley contains the largest canyon type split.
-in this valley there are many mountains and lakes
Very diverse landscape, contains mountains, valleys, rainforest and deserts.
Africa has 1500+ languages, Nigeria has 200 alone.
Indigenous Language Groups in Africa
Afro-Asiatic (language between Africa and Asia)
Nilo-Saharan
Niger-Congo A
Niger-Congo B (Bantu)
Khoi-Sah (Spoken in southern Africa)
Austronesian (Language spoken in Madagascar, SE Asia and Australia)
Indo-European is spoken all throughout Africa
Afria’s Landsape
Mountains:
Ethiopian highlands
Atlas
Drakensberg
Mountains make communication hard
Religion
½ is Christian and ½ is Muslim
Africa the Continent and its people
Geography
2nd largest Continent
3.5 times bigger than U.S.
54 nations/countries total
has continental forum, the AU (formally OAU)
AU= African Union
OAU=Organization of African Union
Africa is the origin of human kind
10% of the continent is forest
Misconceptions
the population is uncivilized
Big game is everywhere
Afria doesn’t have any history
More Geography
Has the largest desert in the world, the Sahara.
One of the longest valleys, Great rift valley
Worlds deepest place, Lake assai.
Some of Africans tallest Mountains include:
Mount Kilimanjaro 5900 m
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Mt. Kenya 5200m
Mt. Ras Dashen 4620m
Mt. Atlas 4167m
Mt. Drakensberg 3482m
Most of the population lives on plateaus: 3000 to 8000ft and along the shores of
freshwater lakes, rivers and parts of the tropical coastline.
Afria’s ontent and its people
Lakes
Victoria, 2nd largest fresh water lake in the world
Tanganyika
Nayasa
Chad
Tana
Albert
Rivers
Nile, is about 74,000 miles long
1. Congo (SWA) 10th longest, 2nd most voluminous
2. Niger (WA)
3. Senegal (WA)
4. Volta (WA)
5. Benue (WA)
6. Orange (SA)
7. Zambezi (SA)
8. Limpopo (SA)
Diverse topography
Has one of the largest equatorial rainforest (Congo Rainforest)
Sudd Marshes
Great rift valley
Sahara, Nimbo, Kalahari, deserts
Sahil
Mountains
Demography
Currently about 1.06 billion people
2.4 population growth rate
will be 1.4 billion by 2025, 2.3 by 2050
child mortality is highest in Africa, 74 per 1000 live births
32 people per sq km
rate of urbanization is fastest in Africa
for every 30,000+ there is one professional doctor, for every 500 there is 1 healer
Most of the population lives along the coast
Diverse Faiths
Islam
Christianity
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