[HIST 10800] - Final Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (293 pages long)

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29 Nov 2016
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HIST 10800
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Western Civilization
– Western civilization is the heritage of ideas that spread to Europe and America. The
ideas were largely based on those of the Greek Civilization, and has been brought
overseas and integrated into our way of life.
Minoans – The Minoans were seafaring people who lived on the Greek Island of Crete
from about 2000 to 1400 B.C.E. Wall paintings indicated a pleasant life with activities,
festivals, and social equality. However, from about 1400 to 1200 B.C.E., they fell
abruptly for an unknown reason, and then invaders prevented them from rebuilding.
Mycenaeans – The Mycenaeans were the people who lived in mainland Greece during
the Bronze Age, about 2000 B.C.E. Named after the leading city of Mycenae, the
Mycenaeans defended their city well buy building up walls to protect themselves from
attacks.
Homer – Homer was a Greek poet who may have lived about 900 B.C.E. He wrote long
heroic poems called epics which all expressed the heroic ideal of arête, or the strive for
excellence. His two greatest epics are the Illiad and the Odyssey.
Greek myth/religion – The polytheistic religion of Greeks included gods which acted
like humans and were very similar to humans, except that they were immortal. These
gods played roles in myths, or stories that the Greeks developed in order to explain the
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mysteries of nature. In addition, serving as a priest was a civic duty for Greek citizens
and they took turns doing so.
Acropolis – After about 750 B.C.E., The acropolis was a fortified hilltop in Greek city-
states where meetings were held for citizens to contribute in the discussion of public
matters. Since all citizens were expected to join, the population of each city-state, or
polis, should have been kept down to about 5,000 to 10,000 citizens.
Sparta – Sparta was a powerful militaristic state which focused on duty, strength, and
discipline over individuality, beauty, and freedom of though. At about 725 B.C.E., Sparta
conquered the neighboring Messenians and took over the land. To prevent uprisings of
the conquered people, the Spartans became focused on the military. Babies were
examined and could live only if they were healthy enough. At seven years old, boys
were sent to army barracks for their training. In addition, women became strong and
gained much equality in the absence of the men. Sparta had the most powerful military
from about 600 to 371 B.C.E.
Helot – The helots were peasants forced to stay on the land they worked. In the case of
the Spartans, the helots were the conquered Messenians, who were treated almost as
slaves. They outnumbered the Spartans in a ratio of eight to one, and revolted once,
causing the Spartans to strengthen their military.
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Document Summary

Western civilization is the heritage of ideas that spread to europe and america. The ideas were largely based on those of the greek civilization, and has been brought overseas and integrated into our way of life. Minoans the minoans were seafaring people who lived on the greek island of crete from about 2000 to 1400 b. c. e. Wall paintings indicated a pleasant life with activities, festivals, and social equality. However, from about 1400 to 1200 b. c. e. , they fell abruptly for an unknown reason, and then invaders prevented them from rebuilding. Mycenaeans the mycenaeans were the people who lived in mainland greece during the bronze age, about 2000 b. c. e. Named after the leading city of mycenae, the. Mycenaeans defended their city well buy building up walls to protect themselves from attacks. Homer homer was a greek poet who may have lived about 900 b. c. e.

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