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PSYC 395 Study Guide - Fall 2019, Comprehensive Final Exam Notes - Social Influence, Fundamental Attribution Error, Cognitive Dissonance


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 395
Professor
Dory A Schachner
Study Guide
Final

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PSYC 395

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Social psych: how people think influence and relate to one another
Our interaction with each other and how it happens, why we do what we do
Attitudes and beliefs
Conformity and independence
Love and hate
Sociology: people in groups and societies
Research
Questions, responses
Relatively naturalistic
Which variable is the causal one?
Example: maritial dissatisfaction leads to depression or vise versa?
The directionality problem
Maybe the relation is not causal at all, perhaps due to third variable
Example: height and weight are strongly related, does one cause the other?
The third variable problem
Limitations
Correlationhy7 method
The only way to determine causality is to use the experimental method
The researcher randomly assigns participants to diff conditions and ensures these conditions
are identical except for the independent variable (the one thought to have a causal effect on
people's responses).
Independent: the variable that hypothesized to influence the dep variable
Dependent: the variable the is hypothesized to depend on the ind. Variable
Making sure that nothing besides the independent variable can affect the dependent
variable
Accomplishes by controlling all extraneous variables and by randomly assigning
people to different experimental conditions
Internal validity in experiments
The extent to which the results of a study can be generalized to other sitiations and to
other people
Outside the study: external validitiy: does the same thing happen in other setings?
Other labs vs. everyday setting
Insdie the styd: interal validity: was ther esearch dne "right"?
External validity
The experimental method: answering causal question
Methods
To create realistic, engaging situations, social puschologists frequently face an ehtical dilemma
For scientic reason we want our exp to resemble th real world
But want to avoid casuign our participants undue and unnecessary stress. Discomfort, or
unpleasent
Ethical Issues:
Social Psych
Friday, August 26, 2016
9:07 PM
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