[PO SC 1040] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 18 pages long Study Guide!

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Clemson
PO SC 1040
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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POSC 1040 Lecture 1 - Comparative Politics: Definitions & Themes
1. COURSE DEFINITIONS
A. Politics the process of making decisions about public and collective problems
and goals through the application of authority and power
B. State the people and organizations that make, enforce, and implement
political decisions for a community. (synonym of state in this case in “the
government”)
C. Nation the people with the same heritage and language (mostly within the
same area)
D. Nation-State the government is supposed to be the representatives of the
people that live within its borders
E. Comparative Politics
i. the scientific study of politics and states in multiple countries
ii. (textbook definition) the study of the domestic politics and economics of
multiple, and typically foreign, countries in an attempt to generate broader
generalizations about important questions in political science
2. COURSE THEMES
A. The “goal” of political science
B. What is democracy? Why are some countries democratic and others
authoritarian?
C. How do countries run their economics? Why are some countries rich while others
are poor?
D. How are politics and economics related? Does democracy cause capitalism? Or
does capitalism cause democracy?
E. The 4 “I’s”
i. Institutions rules and procedures that structure social interaction by
constraining and enabling actor’s behavior
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2
ii. Interests
1. Individual people who are important to political players, underline
beliefs and worldview of the people
2. (textbook definition) the underlying motives, ideological beliefs, and
political agenda, and worldview held by a given political actor
3. who gets what, when, and why?
a. Group conflict theory
iii. Identities
1. Who you think you are; how you see yourself compared to how others
see you
2. Kinds: ethnicity (privilege), race, religion, political-territorial (national),
partisan
3. Identity-based conflict (ex. World War II, The Holocaust)
4. Point: malleable, politicized
iv. Ideas
1. Idea
an opinion, conviction, or principle
2. Ideology
a set of doctrines or beliefs about how states should
govern
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