[PSYCH 3830] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (89 pages long!)

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Clemson
PSYCH 3830
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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PSYC 3830 Lectures 1-5
Abnormal
1) Deviance
2) Dysfunction-cognitive, behavioral
3) Distress
Dysfunction is the one that psychologists look at first, most important
Deviance is looked at last
4) Dangerous
She does not put it on the list
Most disorders don’t make people more dangerous than the norm
Schizophrenic, Antisocial Personality Disorder does make you a little more
dangerous
Never a diagnosing factor
Etiology: the cause of a mental disorder
Biopsychosocial
Biological: hormone levels, genetics, drugs in the system
Psychological: different perspectives, distorted perceptions
Social: environment, friends and family, culture
Trauma is an interaction between psychological and social
Multidimensional Integrative Approach
Basically the same as biopsychosocial
Has multiple causes
Interaction between the causes
Perspectives
Psychodynamic
Associated with Freud
Unconscious
Behaviorism
Environment
Skinner
Humanism
Freedom and potential growth
Carl Rogers
Cognitive
How you acquire knowledge
Biological
Brain structure, biology
Any kind of training can use any kind of therapy
Lobotomy Video
Walter Freeman
Used for bored housewives or children
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Thousands of them done
Schizophrenia at first
Psychodynamic
Jung
Adler: little/no empirical support or research
Freud: psychoanalysis (no research)
MD, not a psychologist
Unconscious mind, bigger than the conscious mind
Freud thought of as a bad thing
Psychoanalysis
Levels of Awareness
Conscious
Preconscious (have access to, but not always aware of them)
Unconscious (deep, hidden repression), Freud said it had the
greatest influence
Personality Structure
Ego: reality principle, moderates the outside world with the
unconscious
Superego: moral compass and rules
Id: unconscious, operates by the pleasure principle
Developed early in childhood
)nstinctual drives: libido sex, life and thanatos
death, aggression; easily thwarted, very complex and ambiguous
Intrapsychic conflict: all three are fighting
Freud says it usually manifests as anxiety
Defense Mechanisms: unconscious protective process (from
unwanted or unpleasant emotions)
A way of coping (adaptive or maladaptive)
Maladaptive: so much denial that they’re delusional
Cons: takes a lot of time and money, unscientific
Psychodynamic
Psychoanalysis (Freud)
No research
Ego psychology
Brief psychodynamic theory
Research has been done
Humanism
Came about as a reaction to psychodynamic and behaviorism (against)
Carl Rogers
Rogerian theory (Person-centered or client-centered therapy)
Self concept: a collection of beliefs about your own nature; how does your
self concept compare to reality
Congruence: your reality is congruent with your self concept, what we should
strive for, not shooting for perfection
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