Psychological Treatments 04/16/2014
Traditional and NonTraditional Approaches, Including Positive Psychotherapy.
What are the most common (traditional and newer) theoretical orientations?
How are they similar/different?
How do therapists with these orientations help people change?
Approaches in Psychotherapy (FREUD)
General Life energy, not just sexual
A collective unconscious
Therapy: Insight and Confession
Therapeutic to confess
Behavior and problems are a result of conditioning, Problematic behavior has been learned.
Emphasizes empirical validation
Unlearn old behavior, learn new behavior
Direct instruction based learning models
ERP: Exposure, Response, and Prevention
Goal: An authentic sense of self.
Therapy: Positive genuine acceptance and positive regard.
NonDirective: Solving one’s own problems.
Major focus on self
Gestalt Therapy: Fritz Perls Key Ideas:
Authenticity in the hereandnow
Doing is preferable to talking
PsychodramaAct out what you’re talking about.
Empty Chair Techniquetalk to an empty chair as though someone’s in it.
Cognitive Therapy and CBT More in notebook
Activating events lead to
Beliefs which lead to
Consequences (emotions and behavior)
“We disturb ourselves”
Therapy: Challenge and change irrational thoughts
Video with crying lady who’s husband left her.
Extistentialism: Rollo May
Themes: A meaningful life is an authentic life.
We are sentenced to freedom
The greater the death anxiety, the stronger the avoidance behaviors become
Therapy: Creatively respond to (death) anxiety by leading a meaningful life.
Figure out how to live according to you and your values
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT): Steven Hayes
Mindfulness: Be aware and nonjudgmental of own emotions, thoughts
Be willing to feel and accept n