PSY210, Spring 2014
Focus Questions for Studying the Required Articles: Unit 3
These questions are meant as a guide to help you understand the material, not as a list of what
will be on the exam. However, knowing the answers to these questions will help a lot! Read and
study the articles in their entirety.
Treatment of Compulsive Hoarding
1. Describe the basic symptoms of OCD with hoarding and saving compulsions. Are people
with OCD who hoard more or less functional than non-hoarding OCD patients?
2. Paint a clinical picture of a person with OCD in your own words, especially focusing on
the psychological, social, and behavioral problems involved.
3. What does ERP look like in a treatment program for hoarding?
4. The article describes the four main areas of treatment in intensive CBT for compulsive
hoarding. What are they? What are the more “cognitive” parts of the treatment, and
what are the “behavioral” components?
5. In reading Sally’s story, what factors do you think contributed to her acquiring the
disorder? Also, what kinds of things were hardest for her to throw away?
6. Lower activity in the anterior and posterior cingulate gyrus has been found in hoarders.
What problems are related to lower activity in those areas of the brain?
Fear Not, Child
1. How does CBT differ from traditional talk therapy?
2. What is the relationship between thoughts, behaviors, and emotions in this view?
3. If you were a CBT therapist working with an anxious child, what would be the
components of your intervention?
4. Why is it helpful to expose people to things they fear?
5. Does research support this treatment?
Happiness Isn’t Normal
1. How doesACT (Acceptance and Commitment Therapy) generally differ from the
traditional cognitive therapy approach?
2. Is there any research supportingACT with depressed people, psychotics, and drug
addicts? How did they change?
3. What are the criticisms of this approach (in the article, and your own)?
4. If you were a therapist or a client, would this approach appeal to you?
1. What is the fundamental difference between positive psychotherapy and traditional
2. Which exercises worked best in the pilot study? What was the placebo activity?
3. What were the three components (“scientifically manageable components”) of happiness,
on which PPT exercises represent? Briefly describe each of them. 4. Describe Csikszentmihalyi’s concept of “flow.”
5. How did Study 1 differ from Study 2?
6. Describe some of the exercises utilized in the PPT.
7. In looking at the treatment process for Study 2, does this remind you of an efficacy study
or an effectiveness study, such as those you read about in Seligman’s earlier article (The
Effectiveness of Psychotherapy)? Why?
8. Summarize the results of the two studies.
9. What is your reaction to this idea: “It makes evolutionary sense that negative emotions,
tied as they are to threat, loss and trespass, should trump happiness..” (begins on p. 781).
10. Do “nonspecifics” have a place in PPT?
11. Seligman admits that there were limitations to these studies. Name a few of them.
Changing Addictive Behaviors: AProcess Perspective
1. How easily do addicts change? How likely is a smoking cessation program to work for at
least a year?
2. How is the transtheoretical model different than approaches traditionally associated with
3. Describe what’s happening in each stage of change in this model, and be able to
distinguish between them.
4. About how long does “action” last for addicts? In which stages does detoxification
5. Is there