War on Crime
1965—Lyndon Johnson declared a war on Crime
From presidents crime commission
People lost confidence in the police
Quality of life had decreased for Americans
Focus on Prevention of Crime
Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets act of 1968
War on Terrorism
After 9/11 Bush declared a war on terrorism.
Search and Seizure
Criminal justice System Policy
Evolved from victimcentered
Government controlled (acts as a victim. “the people of Colorado vs…)
Crime Control Model
The efficient arrest and conviction of criminal offenders.
Fight crime and protect potential victims.
Due Process Model
Individual rights at all stages of the justice system.
Due Process of Law (Protects us from abusive government power)
th th th
The rights guaranteed by the 5 (Miranda Rights) 6 (How long you can be detained) and 14 amendments
of the US Government.
Crime Control vs Due Process
An important goal of the American criminal justice system is to maintain a balance between individual
liberties and social order.
Everyone is working together in all aspects. Opposite of Conflict Model Conflict Model—not working together
Each component is functioning primarily to serve their own interests.
Arrest hookers to make quality of life better, jail cant hold all of them, courts cant handle them all, let them
out on bail, problem not solved.
More and more criminals being released earlier due to lack of budget. Meaning more repeat offenders,
meaning more rearrests, meaning more work for cops.