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[LING 1101] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 65 pages long Study Guide!


Department
Linguistics
Course Code
LING 1101
Professor
John Whitman
Study Guide
Final

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Cornell
LING 1101
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Linguistics (Lecture 1 & Discussion)
(Wed, January 25)
Linguistics is made up of
Core subfields
Major subfields (hyphenated subfields)
Powerpoints & readings will appear on BB
There will be two in-class
prelims
A few subjects in linguistics:
Phonetics
Phonology
Morphology
Syntax
The difference between phonetics and phonology
Phonetics = how speech sounds different
Phonology = knowledge about sounds
For example, we can study the phonology of Ancient Greek, but not the phonetics
Noam Chomsky → focused linguistics on knowledge
Declarative knowledge = knowledge that can be declared
Procedural knowledge = knowledge that is difficult to declare
→ allows you to do something
(Donald Trump)
Huge → yuge/yooge/yuj
Human → yooman
(Jimmy Carter) - pronouncing white and what as
Hwajt and hwat
In IPA
Hju:dʒ → ju:dʒ
Discussion
There are around 7000 living languages in the world to day
About 40% of those are dying languages
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What is a living language?
A language is living if there are babies born who have it as their first language.
Dying languages are those with few speakers left.
Speaking - is acquired knowledge
Writing - has to be taught
→ it is a cultural invention
Linguistics = the scientific study of language
→ what your brain knows about it
Languages do not need writing systems
→ about half are only spoken
Sign language is more like speech
What do we know about our language? (The one’s we speak)
- Words
- Sounds
- Sentence structure
- Sounds → syllables, accents, etc
- Meaning
Phonotactics - knowing the proper combinations of sounds
To do:
- Take a look at the Syllabus
- Read chapter 1
- Look at IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet)
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find more resources at oneclass.com
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