PSYC 341 Lecture 2: Homework 10Exam
Course CodePSYC 341
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Describe and differentiate between the Cluster A personality disorders
Cluster A: Paranoid, Schizoid, and Schizotypal Personality Disorders.
Cluster A is called the odd, eccentric cluster. It includes Paranoid, and Schizotypal
Personality Disorders. The common features of the personality disorders in this cluster are social
awkwardness and social withdrawal. These disorders are dominated by distorted thinking.
The Paranoid Personality Disorder is characterized by a pervasive distrust and
suspiciousness of other people. People with this disorder assume that other are out to harm them
or humiliate them in some way. They put a lot of effort into preemptively themselves and keeping
their distance from others. They tend to hold grudges, are litigious and display pathological
jealously. Moreover, Distorted thinking is evident. Their perception of the environment includes
reading malevolent intentions into genuinely harmless, innocuous comments or behavior, and
dwelling on past slights. For these reasons, they do not confide in others and do not allow
themselves to develop close relationships. Their emotional life tends to be dominated by distrust
The Schizoid Personality Disorder is characterized by a pervasive pattern of social
detachment and a restricted range of emotional expression. For these reasons, people with this
disorder tend to be socially isolated. They don't seem to seek out or enjoy close relationships. For
example, they almost always chose solitary activities, and seem to take little pleasure in life, these
"loners" often prefer mechanical or abstract activities that involve little human interaction and
appear indifferent to both criticism and praise, emotionally, they seem aloof, detached, and cold.
The Schizotypal Personality Disorders are characterized by a pervasive pattern of social
and interpersonal limitations. They experience acute discomfort in social settings and have a
reduced capacity for close relationships. For these reasons they tend to be socially isolated,
reserved, and distant. For instance, people with Schizotypal Personality Disorder have odd beliefs,
for instance, they may believe they can read other people's thoughts, or that that their own thoughts
have been stolen from their heads.
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