BIOL 100L Midterm: study gudie

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Department
Biology
Course
BIOL 100L
Professor
Kay- Nishiyama, Cynthia A
Semester
Fall

Description
1. Where and what is the 'BILAD es SUDAN"? 2. DEFINE the verb "to MORPH". Define the term MORPHOLOGICAL TRANSFORMATION". 3. WHY is Africa now considered by science to be the BIRTHPLACE OF HUMANITY? 4. WHO IS 'ARDIPITHECUS'? How old is Ardi? When and where was she found? 5. Who is Australopithecus? Who is LUCY of HADAR? How old is LUCY of Hadar? 6. WHO WAS HOMO HABILIS? 7. DEFINE THE TERM 'HUNTER AND GATHERING SOCIETY'. 8. WHO IS 'HOMO SAPIENS'? WHO WAS HOMO ERECTUS? 9. DEFINE THE TERM 'SEDENTARY SOCIETY'. DEFINE THE TERM 'CIVILIZATION'. 10. WHERE WERE THE FIRST 2 SEDENTARY SOCIETIES IN WORLD HISTORY LOCATED? 11. WHY IS THE NILE RIVER VALLEY SO IMPORTANT TO WORLD HISTORY? WHAT IS THE REGION AROUND THE TIGRES AND EUPHRATES RIVERS KNOWN AS IN ANTIQUITY? Where is MESOPOTAMIA? Page 5 1-3 Important because food source, 12. WHAT ROLE DOES 'SOCIAL HIERARCHY' PLAY IN CIVILIZED/SEDENTARY SOCIETY? 13. WHAT 'RACE' WERE THE ANCIENT EGYPTIANS? 14. DEFINE THE TERM 'AFROCENTRIST'. 15. WHY IS ANCIENT EGYPT KNOWN AS THE 'GIFT OF THE NILE'? 16. WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE WRITING SYSTEM DEVELOPED BY THE ANCIENT EGYPTIANS? 17. WAS ANCIENT EGYPTIAN RELIGION 'POLYTHEISTIC' or 'MONOTHEISTIC'? Monotheistic 18. WHO WAS QUEEN HATSHEPSUT? WHO WAS THE LAST PHARAOH OF ANCIENT EGYPT? 19. WHO WAS THE FIRST PHARAOH OF ANCIENT EGYPT? 20. WHICH OF THE 32 DYNASTIES OF ANCIENT EGYPT IS CONSIDERED BY HISTORIANS TO HAVE BEEN ITS GREATEST? WHAT WERE THE YEARS OF THE 18TH DYNASTY OF ANCIENT EGYPT? NAME ONE PHARAOH FROM THE 18TH DYNASTY. Name one Pharaoh from the 25th Dynasty of Ancient Egypt. 18 dynasty the greatest 1543- 1292 b.c Kela patrra phro 21. WHERE WAS ANCIENT KUSH LOCATED IN RELATIONSHIP TO ANCIENT EGYPT? AND ANCIENT MEROE? Page 6 22. WHAT IS THE MODERN NAME FOR THE EMPIRE KNOWN IN ANTIQUITY AS ANCIENT AXUM? 23. WHY IS THE QUEEN OF SHEBA (BIBLE: KINGS 1; CHAPTER 10; 1-14) associated with Ancient Ethiopia? 24. Who was KING LALIBELA of ancient Ethiopia? (google) What great achievements of his still stand in Ethiopia even to this day? 25. WHO ARE THE BERBERS OF WEST AFRICA? 26. WHERE WAS ANCIENT GHANA LOCATED? ANCIENT MALI? ANCIENT SONGHAI? WHY WAS THE NIGER RIVER SO IMPORTANT TO ALL 3 OF THESE GREAT WEST AFRICAN EMPIRES? WHAT WERE THE YEARS OF EXISTENCE OF ALL 3 OF THESE WEST AFRICAN EMPIRES? 200 -1076 ANCIENT GHANA 14-74 SONGHAI 26. WHAT WAS THE ETHNIC GROUP WHICH FOUNDED THE EMPIRE OF ANCIENT GHANA? Ashanti tribe 27. WHO WAS THE GREATEST KING OF ANCIENT MALI? Mansa musa 28. WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE GREATEST KING OF ANCIENT SONGHAI? Askia Mohammad 1 29. WHAT WAS/IS THE RELIGION OF THE PEOPLES OF THESE 3 EMPIRES (Ghana, Mali, Songhai)? WHEN AND HOW DID ISLAM ARRIVE IN WEST AFRICA? Islam 30. WHY DID TIMBUCKTU DEVELOP AS a CENTER OF ISLAMIC SCHOLARSHIP IN WEST AFRICA? Islam place for practice. Part of political development. 31. WHAT WAS THE IMPORTANCE OF NOK CULTURE IN WEST AFRICAN HISTORY? 900 year ago cermicial 32. WHAT WAS THE IMPORTANCE OF ANCIENT BENIN TO WEST AFRICAN CULTURE? Farming and manufacturing 33. WHERE IS 'SENEGAMBIA' IN WEST AFRICA? WHAT 2 RIVERS DEMARCATE THIS REGION?From what West African River did Kunta Kente eminate? Tibe high demand in art fun and playful *******34. WHO WERE THE ASHANTEE? WHO WERE THE YORUBA? THE FON? WHERE WAS/IS OYO? WHO WERE/ARE THE IGBO? WHAT ROLE DID THESE AFRICAN NATIONS PLAY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE TRANS-ATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE? Ghanah, Nigeria, southwest Nigeria, west Africa and Nigeria, Nigeria. Closer to the oceans and easy with slave trade. 35. WHAT ROLE DID THE EMPIRES OF KONGO and NDONGO (MBUNDU) PLAY IN THE TRANS-ATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE? 36. WHAT IS THE DEFINITION OF "POLYGYNOUS FAMILIES" WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF AFRICAN SOCIETIES? Man married multiple times but family structure 37. WHAT WERE THE DIETARY STAPLES OF WEST AFRICAN SOCIETIES? Food crops 38. WHO WAS 'AFFONSO I" OF THE KONGO KINGDOM? WHEN AND WHY DID HE BECOME A CHRISTIAN? 1460- 1542 he was first of the line Portuguese’s. First Christin king of congo. Baptized 39. WHAT ROLE DID WOMEN PLAY IN TRADITIONAL FRICAN SOCIETIES? Gathering crop when men hunted 40. WHAT AND WHO WERE 'GRIOTS' IN TRADITIONAL WEST AFRICAN SOCIETIES?\ Storyteller. Not a lot people have the power to tell stories. Keep record of family memories. Played Kora instrument while story telling 41. WHEN DID IRON AGE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOP IN WEST AFRICA? th 6 century B.C 42. EXPLAIN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE SKILL OF ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN IN WEST AFRICA BEFORE THE COMING OF THE EUROPEANS IN THE MID-1400'S. WHAT EUROPEAN NATION WAS THE VERY FIRST TO COME TO WEST AFRICA IN THE MID-1400'S? 43. Chapter 1 in the HINE book is entitled, AFRICA. Why could it just as well be entitled VINDICATION? 44. DEFINE THE VERB: to VINDICATE. 1. DEFINE THE TERM 'MIDDLE PASSAGE'. Pg25 2. WHAT WAS THE 'TRIANGLE TRADE'? WHEN WAS IT? WHAT DID IT ACHIEVE? 3. NAME THE 'BIG 5' WESTERN EUROPEAN POWERS THAT STARTED AND DEVELOPED THE 'TRIANGLE TRADE' OVER NEARLY 500 YEARS. 4. WHAT WAS THE 'AGE OF EXPLORATION' (or AGE OF DISCOVERY)? WHEN WAS IT? WHAT WERE THE RESULTS OF TH
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