ARTH 3539- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 41 pages long!)

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Published on 12 Oct 2017
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ARTH 3539
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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January 23, 2017
Abstract Expressionism
Wednesday we will be watching a video on Clyfford Still.
We start after WWII-
New York becomes the center of the art world because the USA becomes the superpower
along with USSR.
Economic power=art, where’s there’s money, there’s art. European artists immigrated to the
USA.
Abstract Expressionism becomes the first truly, genuinely American art form. Before, many
successful painters and artists were trained in Europe, but ABEX artists were trained and
practiced in America. Europe had discredited itself because of the war. Leading power of
Europeans had vanished. New American self-consciousness, they wanted to make intrinsically
American art.
There was also something called German Expressionism.
Mark Rothko, White, Yellow Red on Yellow, 1953
Wassily Kandinsky, Impressionism III (concert), 1911---part of German expressionism, despite
his being Russian. He was trained in Germany.
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Kandinsky pulls from actual scenes and abstracts them, whereas Rothko portrays color fields.
Scale becomes a large feature of AMABEX
American Abstract Expressionism hallmarks- color and gesture.
“Color is the key. The eye is the hammer. The soul is the piano with its many chords. The artist
is the hand that, by touching this or that key, sets the soul vibrating automatically.” -Wassily
Kandinsky
Josef Albers Interaction of Color/ Homage to the Square. Begun in 1949
Analyzes the interactions of color and space.
The Irascibles, 1950:
Nina Leen, Theodoros Stamos, Jimmy Ernst, Barnett Newman, James Brooks, Mark Rothko,
Richard Pousette-Dart, William Baziotes, Jackson Pollock, Clyfford Still, Robert Motherwell,
Bradley Walker Tomlin, Willem de Kooning, Adolph Gottlieb, Ad Reinhardt, Hedda Sterne, 1950
Art in the USA after World War II
Abstract Expressionism/ New York School since the late 1940s: claimed to be the first
genuinely american art movement
With this generation New York replaces Paris
AMABEX paintings are large in scale. They are larger than anything that had come before. Not
easel sized.
Willem de Kooning, Woman I, 1950-1952 MoMA
Characterized by large brushstrokes. We don’t have figure and ground, there is no distinction
between the woman and the background. We don’t know where the figure starts and ends. No
spatial recognition. Very flat concept. Wanting flatness was a new desire. Renaissance art
wanted to create a 3D version of life on a 2D canvas. This moves to a desire to create 2D
paintings and worlds.
Paint applied is the how, not the what. Color application how? Not color application into what?
De Kooning, Excavation, 1950
De Kooning, Rosy-fingered Dawn at Louse Point, 1963
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Document Summary

Wednesday we will be watching a video on clyfford still. New york becomes the center of the art world because the usa becomes the superpower along with ussr. Abstract expressionism becomes the first truly, genuinely american art form. Before, many successful painters and artists were trained in europe, but abex artists were trained and practiced in america. Europe had discredited itself because of the war. New american self-consciousness, they wanted to make intrinsically. Mark rothko, white, yellow red on yellow, 1953. Wassily kandinsky, impressionism iii (concert), 1911---part of german expressionism, despite his being russian. Kandinsky pulls from actual scenes and abstracts them, whereas rothko portrays color fields. The soul is the piano with its many chords. The artist is the hand that, by touching this or that key, sets the soul vibrating automatically. -wassily. Josef albers interaction of color/ homage to the square. Nina leen, theodoros stamos, jimmy ernst, barnett newman, james brooks, mark rothko,

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