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[CLAS 1051] - Midterm Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (24 pages long)


Department
Classics
Course Code
CLAS 1051
Professor
Peter Hunt
Study Guide
Midterm

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CU-Boulder
CLAS 1051
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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World of the Ancient Greeks 1015
Note: the following are notes I hand wrote and have transferred into a digital format.
Introduction
Two contrasts between Ancient Greece and Modern Greece
oCities spread all over the Mediterranean and Black Sea coasts
oNot one state, but many city-states, with cities on the coast
Mykonos
oRight on coast=makes economy better because it is cheaper and more efficient
oNavy is very important
The nation mostly faces east
Sparta
oException, great land power
oMountainous
oEncourages many governmental systems
Better at building and defending walls than attacking them
Overview of the Bronze Age
Minoan Civilization 2000-1450BC
oLanguage unknown, but it was not Greek
oOrigins unknown
oBlank canvas
Constraints of archeology, but still a lot of “made-up” info
Idealizations
oFeminist
Females were more prominent than many other societies in the region
Female deities, especially the fertility goddess
oPeaceful, but still had forts, sea power and weapons
Shows that they were worried about an attack (to some extent)
Did not have walled cities
Had a strong navy/proficient at sea travel
oLuxurious
Only the palaces survived
Depictions of women out in public
Snake goddessesshows that women were important in society
This is very different from later Greece, where women were
expected to always cover themselves and stay inside
Masculine symbols
Bulls and their large horns
Depictions of “bull sports”
Bull’s Head Ryton
oContainer for pouring wine
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oEyes of rock crystal, horns of gilded wood, mother of pearl
muzzle
oDates between 17th and 15th centuries BC
oBuildings were very elaborate
Doors, skylights, sewage system, elaborately painted walls
oReconstruction of art can be very wrong due to small broken fragments as the
only frame of reference
Political and Economic System—“Palace Economy”
oPalaces were similar to better known, bigger, and older systems in the Near East
and Egypt
oBased on Redistribution Systems
oLimits of the model
oAdopted by Minoans and the Mycenaeans
“Records of central control can’t tell us how much the palace
couldn’t/didn’t control.”
oLots of big containers are potential evidence for the concept of central control
oAnother possible answer is that the elites would use containers for storage
oThrown rooms?
Has thrown like chairlooks like place for a king/queen, but could have
also been meant for a priest/priestess
Oligarchy is possible
Relations with Mycenaeans
oInitially thought Minoans influenced Mycenaean art, but later evidence showed it
might have been the other way around
oBurning of Minoan palaces (c. 1450 BC)
oTypes of writing found at Knossos
Linear B replaces Linear A
oThought Minoans where more powerful than Mycenaeans, but this was really the
other way around
Evidence of non-Greek language being replaced by Greek
Eventually all of Minoan culture was replaced
The Mycenaeans
oFortified palaces=megaron instead of central courtyard
oRich grave goods
“Mask of Agamemnon”
One type of grave
Shafts filled with riches
Changed to tombs like the Tomb of Atreus
oHuge
oGot robbed very quickly as a result
oMigration into Greece (c. 2100 BC); sudden efflorescence (c. 1600 BC);
destruction (c. 1200 BC)
oEastern Contracts
Lion Gate of Mycenaean
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